Grinding and Polishing Workers, Hand
SOC: 51-9022.00


Grind, sand, or polish, using hand tools or hand-held power tools, a variety of metal, wood, stone, clay, plastic, or glass objects. Includes chippers, buffers, and finishers.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
29,900 employed

Projected (2024):
27,300 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Aircraft Skin Burnisher
  • Balance Wheel Arm Burnisher
  • Balance Wheel Hand Filer
  • Barrel Finisher
  • Barrel Repairer
  • Beveler
  • Bit Shaver
  • Buffer
  • Burrer
  • Casting Finisher
  • Center Hole Reamer
  • Chipper
  • Deburr Operator
  • Dial Polisher
  • Dresser
  • Fabricator
  • Fettler
  • Fiberglass Boat Parts Finisher
  • Filer
  • Finisher
  • Flat Surfacer
  • Forging Dies Final Finisher
  • Frame Repairer
  • Glass Beveler
  • Glass Edger
  • Glass Finisher
  • Glass Grinder
  • Glass Polisher
  • Glass Sander
  • Glass Smoother
  • Gold Burnisher
  • Golf Club Facer
  • Grease Buffer
  • Grinder
  • Grinder Chipper
  • Grinder Operator
  • Grinding and Polishing Laborer
  • Gun Barrel Finisher
  • Hand Buffer
  • Hand Edger
  • Hand Finisher
  • Hand Grinder
  • Hand Polisher
  • Hand Reamer
  • Hand Sander
  • Hand Scraper
  • Hand Shaper
  • Hand Stone Polisher
  • Hand Stoner
  • Hand Tool Filer
  • Hand Wood Sander
  • Implant Polisher
  • Jewel Bearing Broacher
  • Jewel Bearing Polisher
  • Jewel Bearing Turner
  • Jewel Grinder
  • Jewel Hole Cornerer
  • Jewel Hole Rough Opener
  • Jewelry Grinder
  • Jewelry Manufacturer
  • Jewelry Polisher
  • Knife Grinder
  • Laborer
  • Metal Finisher
  • Metal Mold Dresser
  • Metal Sander
  • Metal Sander and Finisher
  • Metal Technician
  • Mirror Polisher
  • Mold Dresser
  • Mold Finisher
  • Mold Stamper and Repairer
  • Natural Fabricator
  • Needle Polisher
  • Nib Finisher
  • Parts Finisher
  • Patch Sander
  • Pipe Buffer
  • Pipe Finisher
  • Pivot End Polisher
  • Plastic Boat Buffer
  • Plate Conditioner
  • Polisher
  • Product Finisher
  • Production Cell Operator
  • Ring Polisher
  • Sandblaster
  • Sander
  • Sander and Buffer
  • Sandstone Inspector-Repairer
  • Snag Grinder
  • Solar Film Installer
  • Spigot Grinder
  • Spin Table Operator
  • Steel Barrel Reamer
  • Stock Shaper
  • Stone Fabricator
  • Stoner
  • Valve Grinder
  • Veneer Manufacturer
  • Ware Cleaner
  • Watch Crystal Grinder

  • Job Zone One: Little or No Preparation Needed


    Little or no previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, a person can become a waiter or waitress even if he/she has never worked before.


    Some of these occupations may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Grind, sand, clean, or polish objects or parts to correct defects or to prepare surfaces for further finishing, using hand tools and power tools.
  • Mark defects such as knotholes, cracks, and splits for repair.
  • Move controls to adjust, start, or stop equipment during grinding and polishing processes.
  • Select files or other abrasives, according to materials, sizes and shapes of workpieces, amount of stock to be removed, finishes specified, and steps in finishing processes.
  • Measure and mark equipment, objects, or parts to ensure grinding and polishing standards are met.
  • Verify quality of finished workpieces by inspecting them, comparing them to templates, measuring their dimensions, or testing them in working machinery.
  • Record product and processing data on specified forms.
  • Trim, scrape, or deburr objects or parts, using chisels, scrapers, and other hand tools and equipment.
  • Remove completed workpieces from equipment or work tables, using hand tools, and place workpieces in containers.
  • Load and adjust workpieces onto equipment or work tables, using hand tools.
  • Transfer equipment, objects, or parts to specified work areas, using moving devices.
  • Study blueprints or layouts to determine how to lay out workpieces or saw out templates.
  • Apply solutions and chemicals to equipment, objects, or parts, using hand tools.
  • Spread emery powder or other polishing compounds on stone, or wet stone surfaces with hoses, and guide buffing wheels over stone to polish surfaces.
  • Wash grit from stone, using hoses.
  • Repair and maintain equipment, objects, or parts, using hand tools.
  • Sharpen abrasive grinding tools, using machines and hand tools.
  • File grooved, contoured, and irregular surfaces of metal objects, such as metalworking dies and machine parts, to conform to templates, other parts, layouts, or blueprint specifications.
  • Fill cracks or imperfections in marble with wax that matches the stone color.
  • Clean brass particles from files by drawing file cards through file grooves.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Air grinders
  • Angle grinders
  • Belt sanders
  • Buffing wheels
  • Cleaning scrapers
  • Dial bore gauges
  • Dial indicators
  • Digital height gauges
  • Digital micrometers
  • Electric sander-polishers
  • File cards
  • Finishers
  • Flat cold chisels
  • Measuring tapes
  • Orbit polishers
  • Orbital buffers
  • Orbital sanders
  • Pad sanders
  • Power chippers
  • Precision file sets
  • Profile meters
  • Straight grinders
  • Tire buffers
  • Data entry software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Word

  • production

    industry stats

    SOC: 51-0000

    Total Employed: 9,073,290

    Average Annual Salary: $36,220