Layout Workers, Metal and Plastic
SOC: 51-4192.00


Lay out reference points and dimensions on metal or plastic stock or workpieces, such as sheets, plates, tubes, structural shapes, castings, or machine parts, for further processing. Includes shipfitters.

National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.

Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
13,400 employed

Projected (2024):
10,700 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.

Alternate Titles:

  • Aircraft Lay Out Worker
  • Bellmaker
  • Coordinate Measuring Machine Technician (CMM Technician)
  • Development Mechanic
  • Dimensional Inspector
  • Duplicator
  • Fabricator
  • Fitter
  • Fitter Up
  • Hangersmith
  • Layer Out
  • Layout Inspector
  • Layout Man
  • Layout Mechanic
  • Layout Technician
  • Layout Worker
  • Location and Measurement Technician
  • Machine Lay Out Worker
  • Marine Fitter
  • Pattern Layout Worker
  • Pattern Setter
  • Plate Fitter
  • Plate Hanger
  • Precision Layout Worker
  • Propeller Layout Worker
  • Quality Technician
  • Rigger
  • Sheet Metal Worker
  • Ship Erector
  • Ship Fitter
  • Shipfitter
  • Shipfitter Apprentice
  • Solid Surface Fabricator
  • Steel Fabricator
  • Welder
  • Welder-Fitter

  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed


    Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.


    These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.

    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Transportation

  • Tasks:

  • Fit and align fabricated parts to be welded or assembled.
  • Plan and develop layouts from blueprints and templates, applying knowledge of trigonometry, design, effects of heat, and properties of metals.
  • Lay out and fabricate metal structural parts such as plates, bulkheads, and frames.
  • Mark curves, lines, holes, dimensions, and welding symbols onto workpieces, using scribes, soapstones, punches, and hand drills.
  • Compute layout dimensions, and determine and mark reference points on metal stock or workpieces for further processing, such as welding and assembly.
  • Locate center lines and verify template positions, using measuring instruments such as gauge blocks, height gauges, and dial indicators.
  • Lift and position workpieces in relation to surface plates, manually or with hoists, and using parallel blocks and angle plates.
  • Plan locations and sequences of cutting, drilling, bending, rolling, punching, and welding operations, using compasses, protractors, dividers, and rules.
  • Inspect machined parts to verify conformance to specifications.
  • Design and prepare templates of wood, paper, or metal.
  • Brace parts in position within hulls or ships for riveting or welding.
  • Add dimensional details to blueprints or drawings made by other workers.
  • Install doors, hatches, brackets, and clips.
  • Apply pigment to layout surfaces, using paint brushes.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Coordinate measuring machines CMM
  • Dial indicators
  • Digital hardness testers
  • Digital height gauges
  • Digital micrometers
  • Drafting compasses
  • Drafting dividers
  • Electric saws
  • Gauge block sets
  • Hand drills
  • Measurement calipers
  • Optical comparators
  • Parallel blocks
  • Power hoists
  • Protractors
  • Punches
  • Rulers
  • Scribes
  • Stick welding machines
  • Wheeled forklifts
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • Computer aided design CAD software
  • Data entry software
  • Hexagon Metrology PC-DMIS
  • Inventory tracking software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • Optical Gaging Products Measure-X
  • PSD EMIs Software

  • production

    industry stats

    SOC: 51-0000

    Total Employed: 9,073,290

    Average Annual Salary: $36,220