Musical Instrument Repairers and Tuners
SOC: 49-9063.00

Description:

Repair percussion, stringed, reed, or wind instruments. May specialize in one area, such as piano tuning.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
8,600 employed

Projected (2024):
8,900 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Accordion Repairer
  • Accordion Tuner
  • Band Instrument Repair Technician
  • Band Instrument Repairer
  • Band Instrument Repairman
  • Banjo Repair Person
  • Banjo Repairer
  • Bow Rehairer
  • Brass and Wind Instrument Repairer
  • Chip Tuner
  • Fabrication Technician
  • Fretted Instrument Repairer
  • Fretted String Instrument Repairer
  • Guitar Builder
  • Guitar Repairer
  • Guitar Technician
  • Harp Regulator
  • Keyboard Instrument Repairer
  • Keyboard Instrument Tuner
  • Luthier
  • Mandolin Repair Person
  • Mandolin Repairer
  • Metal Reed Tuner
  • Musical Instrument Mechanic
  • Organ Fixer
  • Organ Installer
  • Organ Pipe Voicer
  • Organ Tuner
  • Percussion Instrument Repairer
  • Percussion Instrument Tuner
  • Piano Mechanic
  • Piano Mechanic Apprentice
  • Piano Regulator
  • Piano Regulator-Inspector
  • Piano Technician
  • Piano Tuner
  • Piccolo Mechanic
  • Pipe Organ Installer
  • Pipe Organ Mechanic
  • Pipe Organ Mechanic Apprentice
  • Pipe Organ Technician
  • Pipe Organ Tuner and Repairer
  • Player Piano Technician
  • Reed or Wind Instrument Repairer
  • Reed or Wind Instrument Tuner
  • Stringed Instrument Repairer
  • Stringed Instrument Tuner
  • Tone Regulator
  • Violin Mechanic
  • Violin Repairer
  • Voicer


  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

    Education:

    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Fine Arts
  • History and Archeology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Play instruments to evaluate their sound quality and to locate any defects.
  • Adjust string tensions to tune instruments, using hand tools and electronic tuning devices.
  • Disassemble instruments and parts for repair and adjustment.
  • Inspect instruments to locate defects, and to determine their value or the level of restoration required.
  • Repair cracks in wood or metal instruments, using pinning wire, lathes, fillers, clamps, or soldering irons.
  • Reassemble instruments following repair, using hand tools and power tools and glue, hair, yarn, resin, or clamps, and lubricate instruments as necessary.
  • Compare instrument pitches with tuning tool pitches to tune instruments.
  • String instruments, and adjust trusses and bridges of instruments to obtain specified string tensions and heights.
  • Repair or replace musical instrument parts and components, such as strings, bridges, felts, and keys, using hand and power tools.
  • Polish instruments, using rags and polishing compounds, buffing wheels, or burnishing tools.
  • Shape old parts and replacement parts to improve tone or intonation, using hand tools, lathes, or soldering irons.
  • Make wood replacement parts, using woodworking machines and hand tools.
  • Mix and measure glue that will be used for instrument repair.
  • Align pads and keys on reed or wind instruments.
  • Adjust felt hammers on pianos to increase tonal mellowness or brilliance, using sanding paddles, lacquer, or needles.
  • Solder posts and parts to hold them in their proper places.
  • Remove dents and burrs from metal instruments, using mallets and burnishing tools.
  • Wash metal instruments in lacquer-stripping and cyanide solutions to remove lacquer and tarnish.
  • Test tubes and pickups in electronic amplifier units, and solder parts and connections as necessary.
  • Refinish instruments to protect and decorate them, using hand tools, buffing tools, and varnish.
  • Deliver pianos to purchasers or to locations of their use.
  • Cut out sections around cracks on percussion instruments to prevent cracks from advancing, using shears or grinding wheels.
  • Refinish and polish piano cabinets or cases to prepare them for sale.
  • Solder or weld frames of mallet instruments and metal drum parts.
  • Remove drumheads by removing tension rods with drum keys and cutting tools.
  • Assemble bars onto percussion instruments.
  • Remove irregularities from tuning pins, strings, and hammers of pianos, using wood blocks or filing tools.
  • Travel to locations such as churches and concert halls to work on pipe organs.
  • Repair breaks in percussion instruments such as drums and cymbals, using drill presses, power saws, glue, clamps, grinding wheels, or other hand tools.
  • Clean, sand, and paint parts of percussion instruments to maintain their condition.
  • Replace xylophone bars and wheels.
  • Strike wood, fiberglass, or metal bars of instruments, and use tuned blocks, stroboscopes, or electronic tuners to evaluate tones made by instruments.
  • Place rim hoops back onto drum shells to allow new drumheads to dry and become taut.
  • Assemble and install new pipe organs and pianos in buildings.
  • Cut new drumheads from animal skins, using scissors, and soak drumheads in water to make them pliable.
  • Stretch drumheads over rim hoops and tuck them around and under the hoops, using hand tucking tools.
  • Remove material from bars of percussion instruments to obtain specified tones, using bandsaws, sanding machines, machine grinders, or hand files and scrapers.
  • Adjust lips, reeds, or toe holes of organ pipes to regulate airflow and loudness of sound, using hand tools.
  • File metal reeds until their pitches correspond with standard tuning bar pitches.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Action regulators
  • Adjustable C clamps
  • Adjustable fret slotting saws
  • Agraffe removers
  • Air dusting guns
  • Air hoses
  • Alcohol lamps
  • Alignment jigs
  • Allen wrenches
  • Alligator forceps
  • Arbors
  • Arch punches
  • Automated sprayers
  • Ball-end hex keys
  • Band clamps
  • Barrel reamers
  • Belt sanders
  • Bench anvils
  • Bench blocks
  • Bench brushes
  • Bench grinders
  • Bench lathes
  • Bench motors
  • Bench oilers
  • Bending irons
  • Blow torches
  • Blowpipes
  • Bore cleaning brushes
  • Bore tools
  • Bracket hex wrenches
  • Brass mouthpiece brushes
  • Bridge pin hole slotting saws
  • Broaches
  • Buffing machines
  • Bunsen burners
  • Burnishing rings
  • Bushing inserters
  • Butane heaters
  • Butt plate inserters
  • Calipers
  • Cam clamps
  • Capstan regulators
  • Capstan screw wrenches
  • Center pin punches
  • Chain nose pliers
  • Chamfer tools
  • Chemical dip tanks
  • Clarinet pad leveling tools
  • Coil makers
  • Cold chisels
  • Countersinks
  • Cross lock tweezers
  • Cross-cut saws
  • Curved nose forceps
  • Curved nose pliers
  • Curved nose scissors
  • Damper regulators
  • Damper rod hooks
  • Damper spoon benders
  • Deep throat C clamps
  • Dent hammers
  • Dent machines
  • Diagonal cutters
  • Dial calipers
  • Die stocks
  • Digital humidity gauges
  • Digital tuners
  • Disc sanders
  • Dollies
  • Drill gauges
  • Drill presses
  • Duck bill pliers
  • Edging clamps
  • Electronic tuners
  • End cut nippers
  • Endpin jack wrenches
  • Feeler gauge holders
  • Feeler gauges
  • Felt cutters
  • Felt cutting knives
  • File cleaners
  • Fingerboard band clamps
  • Fingerboard levelers
  • Flange bushing reamers
  • Flange screwdrivers
  • Flat nose pliers
  • Fluorescent lamps
  • Flute body mandrels
  • Flute gauges
  • Flute head mandrels
  • Flute key leveling tools
  • Flute pad irons
  • Fret dressing sticks
  • Fret end dressing files
  • Fret files
  • Fret rockers
  • Fret slot depth gauges
  • Gauged saws
  • Glue brushes
  • Glue guns
  • Glue pots
  • Gram tension gauges
  • Gram weights
  • Grand piano jacks
  • Grand screwdrivers
  • Gripper truss rod wrenches
  • Guitar humidifiers
  • Hacksaws
  • Hammer angle gauges
  • Hammer angle protractors
  • Hammer butt spacers
  • Hammer head borers
  • Hammer head reamers
  • Hammer shank reducers
  • Hammers
  • Hand burnishers
  • Hand drills
  • Hand planers
  • Hand planes
  • Hand sprayers
  • Hart spring tools
  • Heat control units
  • Heat guns
  • Heat staking tools
  • Height measurement gauges
  • Hex drivers
  • Incandescent lamps
  • Inspection mirrors
  • Jack screw regulators
  • Jack spring hole reamers
  • Japanese fret saws
  • Jaw pliers
  • Key bushing tighteners
  • Key button jigs
  • Key dip blocks
  • Key easing tools
  • Leak lights
  • Long flat nose pliers
  • Looping machines
  • Lost motion regulators
  • Loupes
  • Mag machines
  • Magnetic scribers
  • Magnetizers
  • Magnifiers
  • Mallets
  • Micrometers
  • Multimeters
  • Music wire gauges
  • Neck jigs
  • Neck relief gauges
  • Needle files
  • Nut drivers
  • Nut files
  • Nut slotting gauges
  • Oilers
  • Output jack wrenches
  • Pad cup heaters
  • Pearl cutting saws
  • Pencil magnets
  • Pencil torches
  • Piano key spacers
  • Piano leveling devices
  • Piano regulators
  • Piano stringing hooks
  • Piano tuning pin cranks
  • Piano tuning pin extractors
  • Piano tuning pin punches
  • Pin hole reamers
  • Pin vises
  • Pocket truss rod wrenches
  • Pointed awls
  • Portable band saws
  • Post drilling jigs
  • Power buffers
  • Power drills
  • Power sanders
  • Precision oilers
  • Precision spray guns
  • Punches
  • Punching lifters
  • Purfling cutters
  • Radius gauges
  • Rat tail files
  • Razor files
  • Refret saws
  • Regulating gauges
  • Regulating screwdrivers
  • Rip saws
  • Routers
  • Rulers
  • Saddle locating jigs
  • Sand blasters
  • Scissor jacks
  • Scraper burnishers
  • Screw extractors
  • Screw gauges
  • Screw pitch thread gauges
  • Screw slotters
  • Screwdrivers
  • Seam separation knives
  • Sharp leveling and key-dip devices
  • Slotted screwdrivers
  • Socket reamers
  • Soldering clamps
  • Soldering clips
  • Soldering irons
  • Soldering jigs
  • Soundhole clamps
  • Spark lighters
  • Spool clamps
  • Sprayer compressors
  • Spring cutters
  • Spring punches
  • String action gauges
  • String height gauges
  • String hooks
  • String lifters
  • String spacing rules
  • Surface thermometers
  • Tap wrenches
  • Telescoping gauges
  • Telescoping magnetic pickup tools
  • Tenon expanders
  • Thread cutting tools
  • Tinners snips
  • Tone hole cutters
  • Top deflection gauges
  • Torque wrenches
  • Torx drivers
  • Tubing shrinkers
  • Tuning forks
  • Tuning hammers
  • Tuning levers
  • Tuning pin bushing punches
  • Tuning pin gauges
  • Tuning pin setters
  • Tuning pins
  • Tuning wrenches
  • Tweezers
  • Understring radius gauges
  • Valve brushes
  • Valve lapping machines
  • Valve mirrors
  • Violin clamps
  • Vise grip pliers
  • Wax spoons
  • Wire cutters
  • Wire drill gauges
  • Wood chisels
  • Katsura Shareware KS Strobe Tuner
  • Katsura Shareware ProLevel
  • Katsura Shareware SoundFrames
  • Mensurix Audio
  • Reyburn CyberTuner
  • TuneLab software
  • Tunic OnlyPure
  • Veritune Verituner


  • installation maintenance and repair


    industry stats

    SOC: 49-0000

    Total Employed: 5,374,150

    Average Annual Salary: $45,990