Heating and Air Conditioning Mechanics and Installers
SOC: 49-9021.01

Description:

Install, service, or repair heating and air conditioning systems in residences or commercial establishments.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
292,000 employed

Projected (2024):
331,600 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • A/C Tech (Air Conditioning Technician)
  • Air and Hydronic Balancing Technician
  • Air Conditioner or Furnace Gas Appliance Mechanic
  • Air Conditioning Specialist
  • Attic Fans Mechanic
  • Baseboard Heating Installer
  • Blower Installer
  • Blower Mechanic
  • Duct Cleaner
  • Environmental Control System Installer Servicer
  • Evaporative Cooler Installer
  • Fan Installer
  • Furnace Converter
  • Furnace Erector
  • Furnace Fitter
  • Furnace Installer
  • Furnace Mechanic
  • Furnace Repairer
  • Furnace Setter
  • Gas Adjuster
  • Gas Furnace Installer
  • Heat Pump Installer
  • Heater Installer
  • Heater Mechanic
  • Heating and Air-Conditioning Installer-Servicer
  • Heating and Cooling Technician
  • Heating Equipment Installer
  • Heating Repair Technician
  • Heating Systems Installer
  • Heating Technician
  • Heating Unit Mechanic
  • Hot Air Furnace Installer and Repairer
  • Hot Air Furnace Installer Repairer
  • HVAC Installer (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Installer)
  • HVAC Installer (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Installer)
  • HVAC Maintenance Technician (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Maintenance Technician)
  • HVAC Mechanic (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Mechanic)
  • HVAC Mechanic (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Mechanic)
  • HVAC Operations Technician (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Operations Technician)
  • HVAC Service Tech (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician)
  • HVAC Service Technician (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Service Technician)
  • HVAC Specialist (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Specialist)
  • HVAC Tech (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Technician)
  • HVAC Technician (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning Technician)
  • HVAC Technician (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Technician)
  • HVAC-R Tech (Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technician)
  • Maintenance Mechanic
  • Oil Burner Installer
  • Oil Burner Mechanic
  • Oil Burner Repairer
  • Oil Burner Servicer and Installer
  • Oil Burner Technician
  • Oil Furnace Installer
  • Oil Heat Technician
  • Oil Heater Installer
  • Refrigeration Mechanic
  • Renewable Energy Technician
  • Service Technician
  • Service Tester
  • Solar Energy System Installer
  • Solar Panel Technician
  • Stoker Erector
  • Stoker Installer
  • Stoker Mechanic
  • Systems Mechanic
  • Ventilating Equipment Installer


  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

    Education:

    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Installation
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Repair or replace defective equipment, components, or wiring.
  • Test electrical circuits or components for continuity, using electrical test equipment.
  • Inspect and test systems to verify system compliance with plans and specifications or to detect and locate malfunctions.
  • Test pipe or tubing joints or connections for leaks, using pressure gauge or soap-and-water solution.
  • Recommend, develop, or perform preventive or general maintenance procedures, such as cleaning, power-washing, or vacuuming equipment, oiling parts, or changing filters.
  • Lay out and connect electrical wiring between controls and equipment, according to wiring diagrams, using electrician's hand tools.
  • Cut or drill holes in floors, walls, or roof to install equipment, using power saws or drills.
  • Measure, cut, thread, or bend pipe or tubing, using pipe fitter's tools.
  • Fabricate, assemble, or install duct work or chassis parts, using portable metal-working tools or welding equipment.
  • Install and test automatic, programmable, or wireless thermostats in residential or commercial buildings to minimize energy usage for heating or cooling.
  • Install dehumidifiers or related equipment for spaces that require cool, dry air to operate efficiently, such as computer rooms.
  • Install magnetic-centrifugal chillers, compressors, or related equipment to cool air temperatures through the use of recirculating water.
  • Install or repair air purification systems, such as specialized filters or ultraviolet (UV) light purification systems.
  • Install or repair self-contained ground source heat pumps or hybrid ground or air source heat pumps to minimize carbon-based energy consumption and reduce carbon emissions.
  • Install radiator controls for room-level zone control heating of residential or commercial buildings.
  • Repair or service heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems to improve efficiency, such as by changing filters, cleaning ducts, or refilling non-toxic refrigerants.
  • Discuss heating or cooling system malfunctions with users to isolate problems or to verify that repairs corrected malfunctions.
  • Install, connect, or adjust thermostats, humidistats, or timers.
  • Connect heating or air conditioning equipment to fuel, water, or refrigerant source to form complete circuit.
  • Study blueprints, design specifications, or manufacturers' recommendations to ascertain the configuration of heating or cooling equipment components and to ensure the proper installation of components.
  • Comply with all applicable standards, policies, or procedures, such as safety procedures or the maintenance of a clean work area.
  • Install auxiliary components to heating or cooling equipment, such as expansion or discharge valves, air ducts, pipes, blowers, dampers, flues, or stokers.
  • Record and report time, materials, faults, deficiencies, or other unusual occurrences on work orders.
  • Adjust system controls to settings recommended by manufacturer to balance system.
  • Assemble, position, and mount heating or cooling equipment, following blueprints or manufacturer's specifications.
  • Wrap pipes, securing insulation in place with cement or wire bands.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • 4-wire resistance sensors
  • Acetylene torches
  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Air flow sensors
  • Air velocity meters
  • Alternating current AC line splitters
  • Ammeters
  • Autoranging meters
  • Awls
  • Bead type thermocouples
  • Bourdon tubes
  • Box cutters
  • Brazing equipment
  • Capacitor analyzers
  • Carbon dioxide CO2 testers
  • Carbon monoxide detectors
  • Caulking equipment
  • Caulking guns
  • Chart recorders
  • Circuit analyzers
  • Circuit tracers
  • Circular saws
  • Clamp-on multimeters
  • Claw hammers
  • Combustible gas leak detectors
  • Combustion analyzers
  • Contaminant content tests
  • Dataloggers
  • Desktop computers
  • Diagonal cutting pliers
  • Differential pressure detectors
  • Drill presses
  • Duct knives
  • Duct slicers
  • Duct vacuums
  • Duplex pressure gauges
  • Electrical current meters
  • Flared tip screwdrivers
  • Flaring tools
  • Groove pliers
  • Hammers
  • Hand hacksaws
  • Hand seamers
  • Handheld thermometers
  • Heating ventilation and air-conditioning/refrigeration HVAC/R clamp meters
  • Hex wrenches
  • High-voltage probes
  • Hoists
  • Hot wire anemometers
  • Humidity sensors
  • Hygrosticks
  • Infrared thermometers
  • Inspection mirrors
  • Insulation knives
  • Jig saws
  • Ladders
  • Laser printers
  • Levels
  • Long nose pliers
  • Magnetic pickup tools
  • Manometers
  • Megohmmeters
  • Metal snips
  • Milliamp/microamp meters
  • Milliohm meters
  • Moisture meters
  • Multimeters
  • Non-contact surface temperature heads
  • Non-contact voltage detectors
  • Nut drivers
  • Ohmmeters
  • Oil guns
  • Oxygen testers
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • pH meters
  • Phillips head screwdrivers
  • Pipe benders
  • Pipe clamp thermocouples
  • Pipe cutters
  • Pipe reamers
  • Pipe threaders
  • Pipe wrenches
  • Pitot tubes
  • Pneumatic air gauges
  • Portable drills
  • Power drills
  • Power grinders
  • Power hacksaws
  • Pressure gauges
  • Receptacle testers
  • Reciprocating saws
  • Reclaiming equipment
  • Refrigerant leak detectors
  • Refrigerant pressure meters
  • Refrigerant recovery machines
  • Refrigerant vacuum pumps
  • Resistance meters
  • Resistance temperature detectors
  • Revolutions per minute RPM meters
  • Riggings
  • Safety glasses
  • Scaffolding
  • Shears
  • Sheet metal crimpers
  • Side cutting pliers
  • Slings
  • Slotted screwdrivers
  • Smoke detector canisters
  • Smoke pens
  • Soft face hammers
  • Soldering equipment
  • Staging equipment
  • Strap wrenches
  • Swaging tools
  • Temperature/humidity testers
  • Thermocouples
  • Tinners hammers
  • Tongs
  • Tubing benders
  • Turbine flow meters
  • Two way radios
  • Utility knives
  • Vacuum gauges
  • Venturi meters
  • Voltmeters
  • Water flow meters
  • Water level meters
  • Water pressure gauges
  • Water testers
  • Watt transducers
  • Wattmeters
  • Welding hoods
  • Wet bulb/dew point meters
  • Wire cutters
  • Wire strippers
  • Atlas Construction Business Forms
  • Building automation software
  • Computer aided design CAD software
  • Computerized maintenance management system CMMS software
  • Contact management systems
  • Data logging software
  • Database software
  • Graphics software
  • HVAC tools software
  • Internet browser software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Word
  • Spreadsheet software


  • installation maintenance and repair


    industry stats

    SOC: 49-0000

    Total Employed: 5,374,150

    Average Annual Salary: $45,990