Automotive Body and Related Repairers
SOC: 49-3021.00

Description:

Repair and refinish automotive vehicle bodies and straighten vehicle frames.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
149,700 employed

Projected (2024):
163,500 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Antique Automobiles Repairer
  • Auto Body Builder Apprentice
  • Auto Body Customizer
  • Auto Body Detailer
  • Auto Body Man
  • Auto Body Mechanic
  • Auto Body Mechanic Apprentice
  • Auto Body Painter
  • Auto Body Repair Technician
  • Auto Body Repairer
  • Auto Body Repairman
  • Auto Body Service Mechanic
  • Auto Body Straightener
  • Auto Body Technician
  • Auto Body Worker
  • Auto Bumper Mechanic
  • Auto Bumper Straightener
  • Auto Customize Painter
  • Auto Rebuilder
  • Auto Refinisher
  • Auto Seat Cover Installer
  • Auto Slip Cover Installer
  • Auto Technician
  • Auto Vinyl Top Installer
  • Autobody Technician
  • Automobile Body Customizer
  • Automobile Body Repairer
  • Automobile Painter
  • Automotive Metalsmith
  • Automotive Painter
  • Automotive Refinisher
  • Body and Fender Mechanic
  • Body and Fender Mechanic Apprentice
  • Body and Fender Worker
  • Body and Frame Man
  • Body and Frame Technician
  • Body Builder Apprentice
  • Body Bumper
  • Body Man
  • Body Mechanic
  • Body Mechanic Apprentice
  • Body Painter
  • Body Repairer
  • Body Sander
  • Body Shop Floorperson
  • Body Shop Worker
  • Body Specialist
  • Body Straightener
  • Body Technician
  • Body Work Auto Trimmer
  • Body Worker
  • Bumper
  • Bumper and Painter
  • Bumper Straightener
  • Car Body Mechanic
  • Car Customizer
  • Car Refinisher
  • Collision Mechanic
  • Collision Repair Technician
  • Collision Technician
  • Collision Worker
  • Custom Car Builder
  • Dinger
  • Fender Mechanic
  • Fender Mechanic Apprentice
  • Fender Repairer
  • Fiberglass Autobody Repairer
  • Frame Straightener
  • Mechanical and Auto Body Car Checker
  • Metal Bumper
  • Metal Worker
  • Painter and Body Mechanic Apprentice
  • Painter and Body Work
  • Painter Apprentice
  • Paintless Dent Repair Technician
  • Panel Beater
  • Rattle, Leak, and Squeak Repairer
  • Refinish Technician
  • Repair Technician
  • Service Mechanic
  • Shop Assistant
  • Shop Technician
  • Trim Mechanic
  • Truck Body Builder
  • Truck Body Builder Apprentice
  • Truck Body Repairer
  • Vehicle Body Sander


  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.

    Education:

    These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Installation
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • File, grind, sand, and smooth filled or repaired surfaces, using power tools and hand tools.
  • Sand body areas to be painted and cover bumpers, windows, and trim with masking tape or paper to protect them from the paint.
  • Follow supervisors' instructions as to which parts to restore or replace and how much time the job should take.
  • Remove damaged sections of vehicles using metal-cutting guns, air grinders and wrenches, and install replacement parts using wrenches or welding equipment.
  • Cut and tape plastic separating film to outside repair areas to avoid damaging surrounding surfaces during repair procedure and remove tape and wash surfaces after repairs are complete.
  • Prime and paint repaired surfaces, using paint sprayguns and motorized sanders.
  • Mix polyester resins and hardeners to be used in restoring damaged areas.
  • Chain or clamp frames and sections to alignment machines that use hydraulic pressure to align damaged components.
  • Fill small dents that cannot be worked out with plastic or solder.
  • Fit and weld replacement parts into place, using wrenches and welding equipment, and grind down welds to smooth them, using power grinders and other tools.
  • Position dolly blocks against surfaces of dented areas and beat opposite surfaces to remove dents, using hammers.
  • Remove damaged panels, and identify the family and properties of the plastic used on a vehicle.
  • Review damage reports, prepare or review repair cost estimates, and plan work to be performed.
  • Remove small pits and dimples in body metal, using pick hammers and punches.
  • Remove upholstery, accessories, electrical window-and-seat-operating equipment, and trim to gain access to vehicle bodies and fenders.
  • Clean work areas, using air hoses, to remove damaged material and discarded fiberglass strips used in repair procedures.
  • Adjust or align headlights, wheels, and brake systems.
  • Apply heat to plastic panels, using hot-air welding guns or immersion in hot water, and press the softened panels back into shape by hand.
  • Soak fiberglass matting in resin mixtures and apply layers of matting over repair areas to specified thicknesses.
  • Cut openings in vehicle bodies for the installation of customized windows, using templates and power shears or chisels.
  • Fit and secure windows, vinyl roofs, and metal trim to vehicle bodies, using caulking guns, adhesive brushes, and mallets.
  • Read specifications or confer with customers to determine the desired custom modifications for altering the appearance of vehicles.
  • Replace damaged glass on vehicles.
  • Measure and mark vinyl material and cut material to size for roof installation, using rules, straightedges, and hand shears.
  • Inspect repaired vehicles for proper functioning, completion of work, dimensional accuracy, and overall appearance of paint job, and test drive vehicles to ensure proper alignment and handling.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Air chisels
  • Air compressors
  • Air hammers
  • Air pressure gauges
  • Alignment machines
  • Alignment squares
  • Anvils
  • Blow torches
  • Body saws
  • Bondo spreaders
  • Brazing equipment
  • Buffing machines
  • Calipers
  • Cold chisels
  • Crown spoons
  • Dent hammers
  • Depth gauges
  • Desktop computers
  • Dial indicators
  • Digital cameras
  • Door skin dollies
  • Double-edged blades
  • Double-edged cutter tools
  • Drill presses
  • Feeler gauges
  • Fluorescent lights
  • Foot shears
  • Frame alignment equipment
  • Gas arc welding equipment
  • General purpose spoons
  • Grease guns
  • Grinders
  • Hand brakes
  • Hand shears
  • Heavy duty inside spoons
  • Heel dollies
  • Height gauges
  • High velocity low pressure HVLP spray equipment
  • Hoists
  • Hot air guns
  • Hydraulic automobile lifts
  • Hydraulic cranes
  • Hydraulic jacks
  • Impact wrenches
  • Infrared IR paint curing units
  • Jacks
  • Laser printers
  • Machine polishers
  • Media blasters
  • Metal inert gas MIG welders
  • Micrometers
  • Nut drivers
  • Oxyacetylene torches
  • Paint sprayers
  • Paint stencils
  • Panel cutters
  • Personal computers
  • Pick hammers
  • Pick pull rods
  • Pitch gauges
  • Pneumatic grinders
  • Pneumatic hammers
  • Pneumatic metal cutting guns
  • Pneumatic panel crimpers
  • Pneumatic smoothing hammers
  • Pop rivet guns
  • Portable buffers
  • Portable welding machines
  • Power drills
  • Power punches
  • Power sanders
  • Power shears
  • Pressure feed sandblasters
  • Pressure gauges
  • Pressure washers
  • Pry bars
  • Pull rods
  • Punches
  • Ratchets
  • Resistance spot welding equipment
  • Respirators
  • Rivet busters
  • S-hooks
  • Safety glasses
  • Safety gloves
  • Safety hoods
  • Sanding blocks
  • Scrapers
  • Screwdrivers
  • Single-cut mill saw files
  • Slapping spoons
  • Slide hammers
  • Socket sets
  • Socket wrench sets
  • Soldering equipment
  • Spoon dollies
  • Spot weld breakers
  • Spray booths
  • Stainless steel brushes
  • Steam cleaning equipment
  • Stud welder kits
  • Suction cups
  • Suction feed sandblasters
  • Surforms
  • T pullers
  • Telescoping gauges
  • Toe dollies
  • Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
  • Universal railroad dollies
  • Vernier calipers
  • Wedges
  • Weld current controllers
  • Welding electrodes
  • Welding goggles
  • Welding helmets
  • Welding hoods
  • Welding tips
  • Windshield knives
  • Accounting software
  • Accounts receivable software
  • Appointment scheduling software
  • Automotive and Accounting Software by R*KOM Invoice Writer
  • AutoZone ALLDATA
  • Collision damage estimation software
  • Collision damage measurement software
  • Equipment management information software
  • Inventory management software
  • Materials management software
  • Microsoft Windows
  • Paint mixing and matching software
  • Swan River Estimiser Pro


  • installation maintenance and repair


    industry stats

    SOC: 49-0000

    Total Employed: 5,374,150

    Average Annual Salary: $45,990