Highway Maintenance Workers
SOC: 47-4051.00

Description:

Maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport runways, and rights-of-way. Duties include patching broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, highway markers, and snow fences. May also mow or clear brush from along road or plow snow from roadway.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
151,300 employed

Projected (2024):
158,600 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Asphalt Raker
  • Caltrans Equipment Operator
  • Caltrans Landscape Maintenance Worker
  • Equipment Operator (EO)
  • Flagger
  • Heavy Equipment Operator
  • Highway Maintainer
  • Highway Maintenance Crew Worker
  • Highway Maintenance Technician
  • Highway Maintenance Worker
  • Highway Worker
  • Hot Oiler
  • Laborer
  • Lane Marker Installer
  • Maintenance Technician
  • Maintenance Worker
  • Material Handler
  • Materials Handling Equipment Operator
  • Oil Spreader Operator
  • Paint Crew Person
  • Patrolman
  • Quick Technician
  • Road Builder
  • Road Crew Member
  • Road Grader Operator
  • Road Maker
  • Road Mender
  • Road Oiler
  • Road Oiling Truck Driver
  • Road Patcher
  • Road Repairer
  • Road Sign Installer
  • Road Worker
  • Snow Plow Operator
  • Street Worker
  • Striper Paint Gun Operator
  • Traffic Control Flagger
  • Traffic Control Specialist
  • Transportation Maintenance Operator
  • Transportation Maintenance Specialist (TMS)
  • Transportation Worker
  • Truck Driver


  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.

    Education:

    These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Flag motorists to warn them of obstacles or repair work ahead.
  • Set out signs and cones around work areas to divert traffic.
  • Dump, spread, and tamp asphalt, using pneumatic tampers, to repair joints and patch broken pavement.
  • Drive trucks to transport crews and equipment to work sites.
  • Inspect, clean, and repair drainage systems, bridges, tunnels, and other structures.
  • Haul and spread sand, gravel, and clay to fill washouts and repair road shoulders.
  • Erect, install, or repair guardrails, road shoulders, berms, highway markers, warning signals, and highway lighting, using hand tools and power tools.
  • Remove litter and debris from roadways, including debris from rock and mud slides.
  • Clean and clear debris from culverts, catch basins, drop inlets, ditches, and other drain structures.
  • Perform roadside landscaping work, such as clearing weeds and brush, and planting and trimming trees.
  • Paint traffic control lines and place pavement traffic messages, by hand or using machines.
  • Inspect markers to verify accurate installation.
  • Apply poisons along roadsides and in animal burrows to eliminate unwanted roadside vegetation and rodents.
  • Measure and mark locations for installation of markers, using tape, string, or chalk.
  • Apply oil to road surfaces, using sprayers.
  • Blend compounds to form adhesive mixtures used for marker installation.
  • Place and remove snow fences used to prevent the accumulation of drifting snow on highways.
  • Perform preventative maintenance on vehicles and heavy equipment.
  • Drive heavy equipment and vehicles with adjustable attachments to sweep debris from paved surfaces, mow grass and weeds, remove snow and ice, and spread salt and sand.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • 10-ton crawlers
  • 10-ton tandem-axle dump trucks
  • 13000-23000 pound graders
  • 30-ton clam buckets
  • 4-6 ton roller patchers
  • 8-ton dump trucks
  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Aggregate spreaders
  • Air compressors
  • Asphalt reclaimers
  • Athey loaders
  • Belly dump tractor trailers
  • Berm drag tractors
  • Bituminous pavers
  • Boom trucks
  • Brush chippers
  • Bucket trucks
  • Bulldozers
  • Bush axes
  • Catch basin vacuum cleaners
  • Chain saws
  • Chemical sprayers
  • Cherry pickers
  • Chip spreaders
  • Circuit testing equipment
  • Cold planers
  • Compactors
  • Computerized weed spray trucks
  • Concrete groovers
  • Concrete mixers
  • Concrete paving vibrators
  • Concrete saws
  • Culvert cleaners
  • Desktop computers
  • Digger derricks
  • Ditchers
  • Draglines
  • Dump trucks
  • Epoxy guns
  • Flatbed trailers
  • Forklifts
  • Four-wheel drive front end loaders
  • Front end loaders
  • Gas transporters
  • Generators
  • Gradalls
  • Graders
  • Graffiti removing lasers
  • Hammers
  • Harrows
  • Heavy trucks
  • High-pressure hydraulic pumps
  • Hole diggers/augers
  • Hydraulic excavators
  • Hydraulic spreaders
  • Impact wrenches
  • Jackhammers
  • Laser printers
  • Laydown machines
  • Light trucks
  • Low boys
  • Machetes
  • Measuring wheels
  • Medium pressure hydraulic pumps
  • Mounted pavement breakers
  • Mud jacks
  • Multipurpose vacuum street sweepers
  • Oil heating burners
  • Paint guns
  • Paint mixers
  • Paint transfer pumps
  • Patch rollers less than 9 tons
  • Pavement grinders
  • Pavement joint sealers
  • Pavement rollers
  • Personal computers
  • Picks
  • Pile drivers
  • Platform trucks
  • Pneumatic tampers
  • Portable welding equipment
  • Pothole excavation milling machines
  • Power broom street sweepers
  • Power saws
  • Power screeds
  • Pressure washers
  • Pull type pavers
  • Push mowers
  • Rakes
  • Rear brush hog mowers
  • Rear flail mowers
  • Rock cutters
  • Rock drills
  • Rotary snowplows
  • Sand spreaders
  • Sandblasters
  • Scaffolding
  • Scissor trucks
  • Screwdrivers
  • Seeders
  • Self-propelled cranes
  • Self-propelled road wideners
  • Self-propelled sweepers
  • Sewer cleaners
  • Sewer eels
  • Shovels
  • Side dozers
  • Side-mount rotary mowers
  • Snoopers
  • Snow blowers
  • Snowplows
  • Spades
  • Steam cleaning equipment
  • Stone box spreaders
  • Stump cutters
  • Swinging stages
  • Swiss hammers
  • Tanker trucks
  • Tar distributors
  • Tar kettles
  • Theodolites
  • Thermoplastic applicators
  • Tire chains
  • Tow brooms
  • Towable barricades
  • Tractor disc attachments
  • Tractor-mounted mowers
  • Transport trucks
  • Truck low-bed trailer combos
  • Truck mounted cranes
  • Truck mounted excavators
  • Truck-mounted pavement striping machines
  • Two way radios
  • Two-wheel drive front end loaders
  • Vans
  • Water pumps
  • Water trucks
  • Weedeaters
  • Wheeled hydraulic booms
  • Windrow loaders
  • Database software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Web browser software
  • Word processing software


  • construction and extraction


    industry stats

    SOC: 47-0000

    Total Employed: 5,477,820

    Average Annual Salary: $47,580