Roofers
SOC: 47-2181.00

Description:

Cover roofs of structures with shingles, slate, asphalt, aluminum, wood, or related materials. May spray roofs, sidings, and walls with material to bind, seal, insulate, or soundproof sections of structures.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
123,400 employed

Projected (2024):
139,300 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Aluminum Shingle Roofer
  • Applicator
  • Asbestos Shingle Roofer
  • Commercial Roofer
  • Composition Roofer
  • Cool Roofing Installer
  • Gravel Roofer
  • Gypsum Roofer
  • Hot Tar Roofer
  • Industrial Roofer
  • Metal Roofer
  • Metal Roofing Mechanic
  • Metal Worker
  • Residential Roofer
  • Roof Mechanic
  • Roof Service Technician
  • Roof Tile Layer
  • Roofer
  • Roofer Applicator
  • Roofer Apprentice
  • Roofing Applicator
  • Roofing Foreman
  • Roofing Layer
  • Roofing Technician
  • Sheet Metal Roofer
  • Shingles Roofer
  • Slate Roofer
  • Slater
  • Slater Apprentice
  • Tar Roofer
  • Terra Cotta Roofer
  • Tile Roofer
  • Tin Roofer
  • Wood Shingle Roofer


  • Job Zone Two: Some Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Some previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is usually needed. For example, a teller would benefit from experience working directly with the public.

    Education:

    These occupations usually require a high school diploma.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations need anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Installation
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Inspect problem roofs to determine the best repair procedures.
  • Set up scaffolding to provide safe access to roofs.
  • Cement or nail flashing strips of metal or shingle over joints to make them watertight.
  • Install, repair, or replace single-ply roofing systems, using waterproof sheet materials such as modified plastics, elastomeric, or other asphaltic compositions.
  • Cut felt, shingles, or strips of flashing to fit angles formed by walls, vents, or intersecting roof surfaces.
  • Install vapor barriers or layers of insulation on flat roofs.
  • Cover exposed nailheads with roofing cement or caulking to prevent water leakage or rust.
  • Install partially overlapping layers of material over roof insulation surfaces, using chalk lines, gauges on shingling hatchets, or lines on shingles.
  • Cover roofs or exterior walls of structures with slate, asphalt, aluminum, wood, gravel, gypsum, or related materials, using brushes, knives, punches, hammers, or other tools.
  • Remove snow, water, or debris from roofs prior to applying roofing materials.
  • Apply alternate layers of hot asphalt or tar and roofing paper to roofs.
  • Spray roofs, sidings, or walls to bind, seal, insulate, or soundproof sections of structures, using spray guns, air compressors, or heaters.
  • Waterproof or damp-proof walls, floors, roofs, foundations, or basements by painting or spraying surfaces with waterproof coatings or by attaching waterproofing membranes to surfaces.
  • Mop or pour hot asphalt or tar onto roof bases.
  • Apply plastic coatings, membranes, fiberglass, or felt over sloped roofs before applying shingles.
  • Smooth rough spots to prepare surfaces for waterproofing, using hammers, chisels, or rubbing bricks.
  • Glaze top layers to make a smooth finish or embed gravel in the bitumen for rough surfaces.
  • Apply gravel or pebbles over top layers of roofs, using rakes or stiff-bristled brooms.
  • Punch holes in slate, tile, terra cotta, or wooden shingles, using punches and hammers.
  • Apply modular soil- and plant-containing grids over existing roof membranes to create green roofs.
  • Apply reflective roof coatings, such as special paints or single-ply roofing sheets, to existing roofs to reduce solar heat absorption.
  • Attach solar panels to existing roofs, according to specifications and without damaging roofing materials or the structural integrity of buildings.
  • Install attic ventilation systems, such as turbine vents, gable or ridge vents, or conventional or solar-powered exhaust fans.
  • Install layers of vegetation-based green roofs, including protective membranes, drainage, aeration, water retention and filter layers, soil substrates, irrigation materials, and plants.
  • Install skylights on roofs to increase natural light inside structures or to reduce energy costs.
  • Install solar roofing systems that have energy-collecting photovoltaic panels built into roofing membranes, shingles, or tiles.
  • Estimate materials and labor required to complete roofing jobs.
  • Attach roofing paper to roofs in overlapping strips to form bases for other materials.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Adjustable roof brackets
  • Air compressors
  • Angle knives
  • Axes
  • Bench-mount hand brakes
  • Bitumen applicators
  • Carpenters' hatchets
  • Caulking guns
  • Chalk line markers
  • Chicken ladders
  • Circular saws
  • Claw hammers
  • Cleat benders
  • Clipping shears
  • Compound snips
  • Core cutters
  • Corner roofing seamers
  • Desktop computers
  • Double-burner pump kettles
  • Double-lock seamers
  • Downspout crimpers
  • Draw knives
  • Electronic leak detectors
  • Fall arrest systems
  • Fixed-roof brackets
  • Foot squaring shears
  • Gas-powered chop saws
  • Gravelers
  • Grooving tools
  • Hammer tackers
  • Hammers
  • Hand crimpers
  • Hand punches
  • Hand roofing double seamers
  • Heat welders
  • Heating torches
  • Hoisting wheels
  • Hot air blowers
  • Hot air welding machines
  • Hot or cold process power gravelers
  • Hydraulic swing beam hoists
  • Infrared thermometers
  • Korker cleats
  • Ladder braces
  • Ladder jacks
  • Ladder levelers
  • Ladder standoffs
  • Ladders
  • Laser printers
  • Long ladder hoisting wheels
  • Measuring tapes
  • Measuring wheels
  • Membrane slitters
  • Metric roofing hatchets
  • Nail hammers
  • Nail pullers
  • Nail strippers
  • Notebook computers
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Plastic hammers
  • Pneumatic air nailers
  • Pointing trowels
  • Pop rivet guns
  • Power drills
  • Power hoists
  • Power roof cutters
  • Power roof rippers
  • Propane torches
  • Pry bars
  • Putty knives
  • Reciprocating saws
  • Riggers' axes
  • Rip hammers
  • Rolling magnetic sweepers
  • Roof dryers
  • Roof hooks
  • Roof pitch finders
  • Roofing coil nailers
  • Roofing guardrails
  • Roofing knives
  • Roofing layout tapes
  • Roofing seamers
  • Roofing shoes
  • Roofing spades
  • Roofing tearoff forks
  • Rotary machines
  • Round-point trowels
  • Safety belts
  • Safety lanyards
  • Scaffolding
  • Scraper/pullers
  • Seam finishing machines
  • Seaming chisels
  • Seaming hammers
  • Seaming pliers
  • Semiautomatic welding machines
  • Shake tear-off tools
  • Shears
  • Sheet metal hand tongs
  • Shingle ladder hoists
  • Shingle rippers
  • Shingle saws
  • Shingle shovels
  • Short ladder hoisting wheels
  • Single burner draw kettles
  • Single burner pump kettles
  • Single seamers
  • Slate cutters
  • Slate hammers
  • Slate rippers
  • Slaters' anvils
  • Snips
  • Soldering irons
  • Spud bars
  • Spud/scraper bars
  • Standard roofing hatchets
  • Straight snips
  • Tar mops
  • Tear-off bars
  • Tear-off shovels
  • Tin snips
  • Tinsmith pliers
  • Torches
  • Triangular scales
  • Trolley track hoists
  • Trowels
  • Two-handed edgers
  • Utility knives
  • Welding hoods
  • Wood chisels
  • Wood shingling hatchets
  • Wrecking bars
  • AppliCad software
  • ASR Software LWC-Plus
  • ASR Software Taper-Plus
  • ASR Software TopView LE
  • ASR Software TopView ME
  • CADAFIS Roofing software
  • DigiTools Roof CAD
  • Energy cost evaluation software
  • Humidity and vapor drive calculation software
  • Insight Direct ServiceCEO
  • Maintenance record software
  • Microsoft Windows
  • Roof Calculator software
  • Roof Pro Estimate Software Roof Pro
  • RoofLogic software
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Top View software
  • Wintac Pro Software
  • Word processing software
  • Ziatek RoofDraw


  • construction and extraction


    industry stats

    SOC: 47-0000

    Total Employed: 5,477,820

    Average Annual Salary: $47,580