Pipe Fitters and Steamfitters
SOC: 47-2152.01

Description:

Lay out, assemble, install, or maintain pipe systems, pipe supports, or related hydraulic or pneumatic equipment for steam, hot water, heating, cooling, lubricating, sprinkling, or industrial production or processing systems.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
425,000 employed

Projected (2024):
474,100 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Air Conditioning Installer
  • Aircraft Hydraulic Equipment Mechanic
  • Aircraft Plumbing and Hydraulic Mechanic
  • Coppersmith
  • Coppersmith Apprentice
  • Corrosion Control Fitter
  • Diesel Engine Pipe Fitter
  • Equipment Service Associate (ESA)
  • Fire Control System Installer
  • Fire Hydrant Mechanic
  • Fire Sprinkler Installer
  • Fire Sprinkler Service Technician
  • Fitter
  • Gas Fitter
  • Gas Fitter Apprentice
  • Gas Line Installer
  • Gas Line Repairer
  • Gas Line Servicer
  • Gas Main Fitter
  • Gas or Water Meter Installer
  • Gas Pipe Layer
  • Gas Plumber
  • Green Pipefitter
  • Heating Unit Installer
  • Hydrant Setter
  • Hydraulic Plumber
  • Industrial Gas Fitter
  • Instrument Fitter
  • Irrigation System Installer
  • Irrigation Technician
  • Journeyman Pipe Fitter
  • Journeyman Pipefitter
  • Locomotive Pipe Fitter
  • Machine Repairman
  • Manhole and Underground Steamline Inspector
  • Marine Pipefitter
  • Marine Plumber
  • Marine Steam Fitter
  • Meter Setter
  • Pipe Fitter
  • Pipe Fitter Apprentice
  • Pipe or Steam Fitter Furnace Installer
  • Pipe Welder
  • Pipefitter
  • Piping Designer
  • Plumber and Tinner
  • Plumbing Installer
  • Plumbing Technician
  • Service Technician
  • Sprinkler Fitter
  • Sprinkler Fitter Apprentice
  • Sprinkler Installer
  • Sprinkling System Installer
  • Steam Heating Installer
  • Steam Pipe Fitter
  • Steam Service Inspector
  • Steam Trap Man
  • Steam Trap Worker
  • Steamfitter
  • Steamfitter Apprentice
  • Water Hydrant Installer
  • Water Mechanic
  • Water Meter Installer
  • Water Pipe Installer
  • Water Regulator and Valve Repairer


  • Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

    Education:

    Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Installation
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Cut, thread, or hammer pipes to specifications, using tools such as saws, cutting torches, pipe threaders, or pipe benders.
  • Assemble or secure pipes, tubes, fittings, or related equipment, according to specifications, by welding, brazing, cementing, soldering, or threading joints.
  • Attach pipes to walls, structures, or fixtures, such as radiators or tanks, using brackets, clamps, tools, or welding equipment.
  • Inspect, examine, or test installed systems or pipe lines, using pressure gauge, hydrostatic testing, observation, or other methods.
  • Measure and mark pipes for cutting or threading.
  • Plan pipe system layout, installation, or repair, according to specifications.
  • Select pipe sizes, types, or related materials, such as supports, hangers, or hydraulic cylinders, according to specifications.
  • Cut or bore holes in structures, such as bulkheads, decks, walls, or mains, prior to pipe installation, using hand or power tools.
  • Remove and replace worn components.
  • Prepare cost estimates for clients.
  • Operate motorized pumps to remove water from flooded manholes, basements, or facility floors.
  • Dip nonferrous piping materials in a mixture of molten tin and lead to obtain a coating that prevents erosion or galvanic or electrolytic action.
  • Install fixtures, appliances, or equipment designed to reduce water or energy consumption.
  • Install or test gray water systems, such as recycling, treatment, or irrigation systems.
  • Install pipe systems to support alternative energy-fueled systems, such as geothermal heating and cooling systems.
  • Lay out full scale drawings of pipe systems, supports, or related equipment, according to blueprints.
  • Modify, clean, or maintain pipe systems, units, fittings, or related machines or equipment, using hand or power tools.
  • Install automatic controls to regulate pipe systems.
  • Shut off steam, water, or other gases or liquids from pipe sections, using valve keys or wrenches.
  • Inspect work sites for obstructions or holes that could cause structural weakness.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Adjustable wrenches
  • Air compressors
  • Air operated grinders
  • Air wire brushes
  • Air-acetylene torches
  • Allen wrenches
  • Alternating current AC welding equipment
  • Amp meters
  • Angle air grinders
  • Augers
  • Automatic levels
  • Backhoes
  • Ball peen hammers
  • Basin wrenches
  • Block and tackle equipment
  • Bolt cutters
  • Box end wrenches
  • Calipers
  • Centering head tools
  • Chain falls
  • Chain wrenches
  • Circular saws
  • Cold chisels
  • Combination squares
  • Crescent wrenches
  • Cutting torches
  • Deburring tools
  • Desktop computers
  • Direct current DC arc welder
  • Drill presses
  • Drophead dies
  • Dumpy levels
  • Explosimeters
  • Flat head screwdrivers
  • Flow gauges
  • Forklifts
  • Framing squares
  • Generators
  • Hammers
  • Hand hacksaws
  • Hand tachometers
  • Heat guns
  • Hole cutting tools
  • Hole saws
  • Hydraulic cranes
  • Hydraulic valve turners
  • Hydrostatic testers
  • Impact screwdrivers
  • Impact wrenches
  • Jackhammers
  • Jam-proof ratchet threaders
  • Ladders
  • Laser levels
  • Laser printers
  • Leak-testing gauges
  • Levels
  • Loaders
  • Locking pliers
  • Magnetic circle layout tools
  • Manlifts
  • Manual pipe benders
  • Material-hoisting slings
  • Measuring tapes
  • Metal cutting dies
  • Metal cutting taps
  • Metal hand saws
  • Metal inert gas MIG welders
  • Monkey wrench sets
  • Mud pumps
  • Notebook computers
  • Null locators
  • Nylon strap wrenches
  • Offset grinders
  • Ohmmeters
  • Oxyacetylene welding equipment
  • Pavement stompers
  • Pedestal grinders
  • Personal computers
  • Phillips head screwdrivers
  • Pipe bending mandrels
  • Pipe bending tools
  • Pipe cutters
  • Pipe fabrication shears
  • Pipe flange aligners
  • Pipe flaring tools
  • Pipe lasers
  • Pipe threaders
  • Pipe threading machines
  • Pipe vises
  • Pipe wrenches
  • Pipeline jacks
  • Pit depth gauges
  • Plasma cutting guides
  • Plumb bobs
  • Pneumatic pipe bevelers
  • Pneumatic wire brushes
  • Pocket levels
  • Polyvinyl chloride PVC cutters
  • Portable grinders
  • Portable welding machines
  • Power drills
  • Power hacksaws
  • Power hammers
  • Pressure gauges
  • Propane torches
  • Pry bars
  • Pulleys
  • Quality control QC welders' gauges
  • Radius markers
  • Rasps
  • Reamers
  • Reciprocating saws
  • Roll groovers
  • Safety harnesses
  • Scaffolding
  • Screwdrivers
  • Shielded arc welding tools
  • Single-cut mill saw files
  • Skip loaders
  • Slip joint pliers
  • Soldering equipment
  • Split bubble levels
  • Stands
  • Stationary grinders
  • Tirfors
  • Torch cutter guides
  • Transit levels
  • Trenchers
  • Truck cranes
  • Tuggers
  • Tungsten inert gas TIG welding equipment
  • Two-hole pins
  • Utility knives
  • Vertical bandsaws
  • Water pumps
  • Water samplers
  • Water stoppers
  • Welding clamps
  • Welding hoods
  • Winches
  • Wire tracers
  • AEC Design Group CADPIPE
  • AutoPIPE software
  • COADE CAESAR II
  • Computer aided design CAD software
  • Email software
  • Internet browser software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Pipe 2D software
  • Pipepro Pipefitting software
  • Piping construction costs estimation software
  • PipingOffice software
  • ViziFlow software
  • Watter Hammer Software Hytran
  • Word processing software


  • construction and extraction


    industry stats

    SOC: 47-0000

    Total Employed: 5,477,820

    Average Annual Salary: $47,580