Pathologists
SOC: 29-1069.07

Description:

Diagnose presence and stage of diseases using laboratory techniques and patient specimens. Study the nature, cause, and development of diseases. May perform autopsies.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
347,200 employed

Projected (2024):
398,800 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Anatomic Pathologist
  • Animal Pathologist
  • Associate Pathologist
  • Associate Professor of Pathology
  • Attending Pathologist
  • Autopsy Pathologist
  • Chemical Pathologist
  • Clinical Laboratory Medical Director
  • Clinical Pathologist
  • Cytologist
  • Cytopathologist
  • Dermatopathologist
  • Forensic Pathologist
  • Histopathologist
  • Immunopathologist
  • Medical Director
  • Medical Pathologist
  • Molecular Genetic Pathologist
  • Molecular Pathologist
  • Neuropathologist
  • Ocular Pathologist
  • Ophthalmic Pathologist
  • Oral Pathologist
  • Pathologist
  • Pathology Laboratory Director
  • Pediatric Pathologist
  • Poultry Pathologist
  • Surgical Pathologist
  • Veterinary Pathologist


  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Testify in depositions or trials as an expert witness.
  • Review cases by analyzing autopsies, laboratory findings, or case investigation reports.
  • Manage medical laboratories.
  • Read current literature, talk with colleagues, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in pathology.
  • Develop or adopt new tests or instruments to improve diagnosis of diseases.
  • Educate physicians, students, and other personnel in medical laboratory professions such as medical technology, cytotechnology, and histotechnology.
  • Conduct research and present scientific findings.
  • Perform autopsies to determine causes of deaths.
  • Plan and supervise the work of the pathology staff, residents or visiting pathologists.
  • Obtain specimens by performing procedures such as biopsies and fine need aspirations (FNAs) of superficial nodules.
  • Identify the etiology, pathogenesis, morphological change, and clinical significance of diseases.
  • Diagnose infections, such as Hepatitis B and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), by conducting tests to detect the antibodies that patients' immune systems make to fight such infections.
  • Conduct genetic analyses of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or chromosomes to diagnose small biopsies and cell samples.
  • Write pathology reports summarizing analyses, results, and conclusions.
  • Analyze and interpret results from tests such as microbial or parasite tests, urine analyses, hormonal assays, fine needle aspirations (FNAs), and polymerase chain reactions (PCRs).
  • Communicate pathologic findings to surgeons or other physicians.
  • Consult with physicians about ordering and interpreting tests or providing treatments.
  • Examine microscopic samples to identify diseases or other abnormalities.
  • Diagnose diseases or study medical conditions using techniques such as gross pathology, histology, cytology, cytopathology, clinical chemistry, immunology, flow cytometry, and molecular biology.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Albuminometers
  • Anaerobic specimen transport systems
  • Analytical balances
  • Automated immunoassay analyzers
  • Automated pipettes
  • Automated slide stainers
  • Biopsy needles
  • Blood agar plates
  • Blood culture incubators
  • Blood gas analyzers
  • Blood irradiators
  • Bone marrow puncture needles
  • Calorimeters
  • Capillary tubes
  • Centrifuges
  • Chemical protective face shields
  • Chemiluminescent immunoassay analyzers
  • Chemistry analyzers
  • Clinical chemical systems
  • Clot tubes
  • Coagulation analyzers
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital cameras
  • Digital photomicroscopes
  • Disposable plastic pipettes
  • Electron microscopes
  • Electrophoresis instruments
  • Eyewash fountains
  • Flame photometers
  • Flow cytometers
  • Fluorescence polarization immunoassay analyzers
  • FNAC needles
  • Freezers
  • Freezing microtomes
  • Gas chromatographs GC
  • Gravimetric pipettes
  • Hemacytometers
  • Hematology analyzers
  • Histopathology block holders
  • In vitro blood gas analyzers
  • Label printers
  • Laboratory freezer or refrigerator thermometers
  • Laboratory refrigerators
  • Laboratory water baths
  • Lumbar puncture needles
  • Mass spectroscopes
  • Microtome blocks
  • Paraffin molds
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Plastic petri dishes
  • Polymerase chain reaction PCR equipment
  • Positive patient identification PPID systems
  • Powder-free gloves
  • Rocking microtomes
  • Rotary microtomes
  • Slide drying ovens
  • Sliding microtomes
  • Spirometers
  • Sputum traps
  • Sterile screw-cap cups
  • Sterile screw-cap glass tubes
  • Sterile screw-cap plastic tubes
  • Sterile vacutainer tubes
  • Swab transports
  • Thermal cyclers
  • Tissue baths
  • Trephine biopsy needles
  • Ultra microtomes
  • Urinometers
  • Volumetric flasks
  • Volumetric pipettes
  • Weighing vials
  • Accounts receivables system software
  • Anatomic pathology software
  • Antek HealthWare LabDAQ
  • Aspyra CyberLAB
  • Aspyra CyberPATH
  • Blood Bank Computer Systems Blood Bank Control System
  • Blood bank information systems
  • Cerner CoPathPlus
  • Cerner Millennium PathNet
  • Cerner Millennium PathNet Blood Bank Transfusion
  • Cerner Millennium ProFit
  • Clinical Information Systems CISLab CPS
  • Clinical Software Solutions CLIN1 Suite
  • ClinLab LIS
  • Comp Pro Med Polytech
  • Computer Service and Support AR 2000 Laboratory Billing System
  • Computer Trust WinSurge
  • Cortex Medical Management Systems Cortex Medical Billing
  • Cortex Medical Management Systems The Gold Standard
  • CPSI CPSI System
  • CSS CLS-2000
  • Custom Software Systems StarLab
  • Digital image databases
  • EasyPath Software Pathology Assistant
  • Elekta Impac Software IntelliLab
  • Elekta Impac Software PowerPath
  • EpicLab Laboratory Information System
  • eTeleNext AP Anywhere
  • eTeleNext LIS
  • Fletcher-Flora Health Care Systems FFlex eSuite LIS
  • Fletcher-Flora Health Care Systems LabPak LIS
  • GE Healthcare Centricity Laboratory
  • GE Healthcare Centricity Laboratory Anatomic Pathology/Cytology
  • GE Healthcare Centricity Laboratory Transfusion Medicine
  • Haemonetics Symphony Suite
  • Healthvision MediAR
  • Healthvision TDSynergy Anatomic Pathology
  • Healthvision TDSynergy LIS
  • HEX Laboratory Systems Billing and Cash Management
  • HEX Laboratory Systems LAB/HEX
  • HT Systems PatientSecure
  • Iatric Systems MobiLab
  • Korchek Technologies CareChek
  • Laboratory information system LIS software
  • LabSoft LabNet
  • Lattice MediCopia
  • McKesson Horizon Anatomic Pathology
  • McKesson Horizon Blood Bank
  • McKesson Horizon Lab
  • McKesson Horizon Lab Financials
  • McKesson Horizon MobileCare Phlebotomy
  • MEDITECH Anatomical Pathology
  • MEDITECH HCIS
  • Mediware Information Systems HCLL Donor
  • Mediware Information Systems HCLL Transfusion
  • Mediware Information Systems LifeTrak
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Multidata Computer Systems MultiTech
  • NeTLIMS AutoAP
  • NeTLIMS AutoFusion
  • NeTLIMS AutoLIMS Core Lab
  • NetSoft IntelliPath
  • Niceware International LabelClinic CT
  • Novovision NovoPath
  • Omnitech OMNILAB
  • Orchard Software Orchard Harvest LIS
  • Orchard Software Orchard Pathology
  • PathLogix
  • PathView Systems Progeny
  • Psyche Systems LabWeb
  • Psyche Systems Systematic Blood Bank
  • Psyche Systems WindoPath
  • Quality Software Systems LabHealth software
  • SCC Soft Computer SoftA/R
  • SCC Soft Computer SoftBank
  • SCC Soft Computer SoftDonor
  • SCC Soft Computer SoftLab
  • SCC Soft Computer SoftPath
  • Schuyler House SchuyLab
  • Seacoast Laboratory Data Systems SurroundLab AR
  • Seacoast Laboratory Data Systems SurroundLab Plus
  • Siemens NOVIUS Lab
  • Siemens Patient Identification Check
  • Small Business Computers of New England AP Easy
  • STARLIMS
  • Sunquest Information Systems Sunquest Clinical Financials
  • Sunquest Information Systems Sunquest Collection Manager
  • Sunquest Information Systems Sunquest CoPathPlus
  • Sunquest Information Systems Sunquest Laboratory
  • Sunquest Information Systems Sunquest Transfusion Manager
  • TELCOR Billing Information System
  • WebPathLab
  • Wyndgate Technologies ElDorado Donor
  • Wyndgate Technologies SafeTrace
  • XIFIN


  • healthcare practitioners and technical


    industry stats

    SOC: 29-0000

    Total Employed: 8,021,800

    Average Annual Salary: $77,800