Surgeons
SOC: 29-1067.00

Description:

Physicians who treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive, minimally-invasive, or non-invasive surgical methods, such as using instruments, appliances, or by manual manipulation.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
46,000 employed

Projected (2024):
55,100 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Assistant Professor of Surgery
  • Brain Surgeon
  • Cardiac Surgeon
  • Cardiothoracic Surgeon
  • Cardiovascular Surgeon
  • Colon and Rectal Surgeon
  • Colorectal Surgeon
  • Cosmetic Surgeon
  • Dermatologist
  • Doctor
  • Eye Surgeon
  • General Surgeon
  • Hand Surgeon
  • Heart Doctor
  • Heart Surgeon
  • Internal Medicine Physician
  • Medical Doctor (MD)
  • Neurological Surgeon
  • Neurosurgeon
  • Ophthalmic Surgeon
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Orthopaedic Surgeon
  • Orthopedic Surgeon
  • Pediatric Surgeon
  • Physician
  • Physician Surgeon
  • Physicians and Surgeons
  • Plastic Surgeon
  • Podiatric Foot and Ankle Specialist
  • Reconstructive Surgeon
  • Spinal Surgeon
  • Surgeon
  • Surgical Endoscopist
  • Surgical Oncologist
  • Thoracic Surgeon
  • Transplant Surgeon
  • Transverse Abdominal Muscle Surgeon (TRAM Surgeon)
  • Trauma Doctor
  • Trauma Surgeon
  • Upper Extremity Surgeon
  • Urologic Surgeon
  • Urologist
  • Vascular Surgeon


  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Analyze patient's medical history, medication allergies, physical condition, and examination results to verify operation's necessity and to determine best procedure.
  • Operate on patients to correct deformities, repair injuries, prevent and treat diseases, or improve or restore patients' functions.
  • Follow established surgical techniques during the operation.
  • Prescribe preoperative and postoperative treatments and procedures, such as sedatives, diets, antibiotics, and preparation and treatment of the patient's operative area.
  • Examine patient to obtain information on medical condition and surgical risk.
  • Diagnose bodily disorders and orthopedic conditions and provide treatments, such as medicines and surgeries, in clinics, hospital wards, and operating rooms.
  • Direct and coordinate activities of nurses, assistants, specialists, residents, and other medical staff.
  • Provide consultation and surgical assistance to other physicians and surgeons.
  • Refer patient to medical specialist or other practitioners when necessary.
  • Examine instruments, equipment, and operating room to ensure sterility.
  • Prepare case histories.
  • Manage surgery services, including planning, scheduling and coordination, determination of procedures, and procurement of supplies and equipment.
  • Conduct research to develop and test surgical techniques that can improve operating procedures and outcomes.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Abdominal retractors
  • Amputation retractors
  • Anastomosis clamps
  • Andrews tables
  • Argon beam coagulators
  • Arterial line catheters
  • Artery forceps
  • Autologous blood recovery systems
  • Automated external defibrillators AED
  • Balloon perfusion catheters
  • Biopolar cautery equipment
  • Biopsy forceps
  • Biopsy punches
  • Bone chisels
  • Bone clamps
  • Bone ronguers
  • Bone-cutting forceps
  • Bone-holding forceps
  • Bowel stapling equipment
  • Bronchoscopes
  • Bulldog clamps
  • Carbon dioxide CO2 lasers
  • Cardiopulmonary bypass pumps
  • Cartilage clamps
  • Catheter forceps
  • Cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirators CUSA
  • Ceiling mounted microscopes
  • Cell savers
  • Cervical retractors
  • Cervical spine retractors
  • Cilia forceps
  • Clip applying forceps
  • Colposcopes
  • Craniotome drills
  • Cryoprobes
  • Cryosurgery units
  • Cystoscopes
  • Debakey clamps
  • Dermatomes
  • Desktop computers
  • Diagnostic ultrasound equipment
  • Diathermy equipment
  • Digital cameras
  • Dressing forceps
  • Ear forceps
  • Ear retractors
  • Electrocardiography EKG machines
  • Electrosurgery units
  • Electrosurgical grounding pads
  • Endoscope vein harvesting equipment
  • Endoscopic catheters
  • Endoscopic insufflators
  • Endoscopic video cameras
  • ENT microscopes
  • Enterotomy scissors
  • External fixators
  • Eye forceps
  • Eye magnets
  • Flexible fiberoptic endoscopes
  • Flexible ureteroscopes
  • Fracture tables
  • Gall bladder forceps
  • Gastrointestinal retractors
  • Harmonic scalpels
  • Heart and lung machines
  • Hemodynamic monitors
  • Hemostatic forceps
  • Hip arthroplasty robots
  • Holmium lasers
  • Hudson drills
  • Hysterectomy forceps
  • Hysteroscopes
  • IMA retractors
  • Internal defibrillators
  • Intestinal forceps
  • Intravenous IV equipment
  • Irrigation tubing
  • Laparascopes
  • Laparascopic graspers
  • Laser dopplers
  • Lip retractors
  • Locking forceps
  • Lung retractors
  • Mayfield headrests
  • Microforceps
  • Nasal forceps
  • Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Nd:YAG lasers
  • Nerve retractors
  • Obstetrical forceps
  • Occluding forceps
  • Operating room smoke evacuators
  • Ophthalmic retractors
  • Optical forceps
  • Optical urethrotomes
  • Oral retractors
  • Orthopedic forceps
  • Orthopedic retractors
  • Oxygen administration equipment
  • Padgett dermatomes
  • Patient controlled analgesia PCA pumps
  • Periosteotomes
  • Personal computers
  • Plastic surgery retractors
  • Portable surgical microscopes
  • Portable x ray machines
  • Protective eye shields
  • Pulmonary artery catheters
  • Pulse oximeters
  • Pylorus clamps
  • Radiosurgical gamma knives
  • Rectal retractors
  • Resectoscopes
  • Rib spreaders
  • Rigid rake retractors
  • Rigid ureteroscopes
  • Robotic arms
  • Sequential compression devices
  • Shea drills
  • Skeeter drills
  • Skin retractors
  • Skin staplers
  • Splinter forceps
  • Sponge forceps
  • Spring clips
  • Sterile drapes
  • Sternal retractors
  • Sternal saws
  • Stone extractors
  • Strabismus scissors
  • Subclavian lines
  • Suction machines
  • Suction tips
  • Surgical aspirators
  • Surgical calipers
  • Surgical clamps
  • Surgical curettes
  • Surgical dilators
  • Surgical elevators
  • Surgical fiberoptic retractors
  • Surgical forceps
  • Surgical gloves
  • Surgical hand drivers
  • Surgical hand saws
  • Surgical irrigation sets
  • Surgical mallets
  • Surgical masks
  • Surgical microscopes
  • Surgical needle holders
  • Surgical nerve stimulators
  • Surgical nippers
  • Surgical power drills
  • Surgical power saws
  • Surgical rasps
  • Surgical retractors
  • Surgical robots
  • Surgical rulers
  • Surgical scalpels
  • Surgical scissors
  • Surgical specula
  • Surgical suture needles
  • Surgical taps
  • Surgical tourniquets
  • Surgical trocars
  • Suture forceps
  • Tactile probes
  • Thoracic forceps
  • Thoracic retractors
  • Thoracic scissors
  • Thyroid forceps
  • Tissue forceps
  • Tissue retractors
  • Tonsil scissors
  • Towel clamps
  • Tracheal retractors
  • Tumor forceps
  • Ultrasonic lithotripters
  • Urology retractors
  • Uterine forceps
  • Uterine retractors
  • Uterine scissors
  • Vascular clamps
  • Vascular clips
  • Vascular occluders
  • Vein retractors
  • Vitrector sets
  • Wells Johnson aspirators
  • Zimmer dermatomes
  • Computer imaging software
  • Electronic medical record EMR software
  • Epic Systems software
  • Human resources management system HRMS software
  • Image-guided surgery software
  • Integra Radionics NeuroSight Arc
  • Medical laser control software
  • Microsoft Windows
  • Practice management software PMS
  • Robotic surgery software
  • Three-dimensional 3D virtual surgery software


  • healthcare practitioners and technical


    industry stats

    SOC: 29-0000

    Total Employed: 8,021,800

    Average Annual Salary: $77,800