Geographers
SOC: 19-3092.00

Description:

Study the nature and use of areas of the Earth's surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants, and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
1,400 employed

Projected (2024):
1,400 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Biogeographer
  • Earth Observations Chief Scientist (NASA)
  • Economic Geographer
  • Environmental Affairs Corporate Director
  • Environmental Scientist
  • Geographer
  • Geographic Information Systems Analyst (GIS Analyst)
  • Geographic Information Systems Program Director (GIS Program Director)
  • Geography Professor
  • Geomorphologist
  • GIS Geographer (Geographic Information Systems Geographer)
  • GIS Physical Scientist (Geographic Information Systems Physical Scientist)
  • Glaciologist
  • Imagery Analyst
  • Natural Resources Specialist
  • Physical Geographer
  • Political Geographer
  • Professor
  • Research Coordinator
  • Scientist
  • Urban and Metropolitan Policy Director


  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Create and modify maps, graphs, or diagrams, using geographical information software and related equipment, and principles of cartography such as coordinate systems, longitude, latitude, elevation, topography, and map scales.
  • Write and present reports of research findings.
  • Develop, operate, and maintain geographical information computer systems, including hardware, software, plotters, digitizers, printers, and video cameras.
  • Locate and obtain existing geographic information databases.
  • Analyze geographic distributions of physical and cultural phenomena on local, regional, continental, or global scales.
  • Teach geography.
  • Gather and compile geographic data from sources including censuses, field observations, satellite imagery, aerial photographs, and existing maps.
  • Conduct field work at outdoor sites.
  • Study the economic, political, and cultural characteristics of a specific region's population.
  • Provide consulting services in fields such as resource development and management, business location and market area analysis, environmental hazards, regional cultural history, and urban social planning.
  • Collect data on physical characteristics of specified areas, such as geological formations, climates, and vegetation, using surveying or meteorological equipment.
  • Provide geographical information systems support to the private and public sectors.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Abney levels
  • All terrain vehicles ATV
  • Anemometers
  • Atomic emission spectroscopes
  • Automatic levels
  • Cathodoluminescence microscopes
  • Chain saws
  • Compaction meters
  • Conductivity meters
  • Crosscut saws
  • Deionizers
  • Demagnetizing equipment
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital cameras
  • Digital imaging microscopes
  • Digital video cameras
  • Digitizers
  • Dissolved oxygen meters
  • Drying ovens
  • Dutch augers
  • Electromagnetic current meters
  • Electronic precision balances
  • Flatbed scanners
  • Flow meters
  • Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles
  • Fume hoods
  • Gas-mixing furnaces
  • Global positioning system GPS receivers
  • Grab samplers
  • Gravity convection ovens
  • Ground penetrating radar GPR
  • Handheld data loggers
  • High temperature laboratory box furnaces
  • High-speed centrifuges
  • Hiller corers
  • Humidity sensors
  • Hydrometers
  • Infrared IR thermometers
  • Ion chromatographs
  • Laboratory analytical balances
  • Laboratory dropping pipettes
  • Laboratory sample splitters
  • Laptop computers
  • Large format printers
  • Laser levels
  • Laser particle sizers
  • Livingstone corers
  • Lysimeters
  • Mechanical current meters
  • Muffle furnaces
  • Optical comparators
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Petrographic microscopes
  • pH analyzers
  • Phase contrast microscopes
  • Photosynthetically active radiation PAR meters
  • Plotters
  • Polarizing microscopes
  • Portable data collectors
  • Portable fume hoods
  • Portable weather stations
  • Powered rock-coring drills
  • Powered vibracorers
  • Pressure plate apparatus
  • Research motorboats
  • Rock saws
  • Russian corers
  • Salinity meters
  • Sample storage refrigerators
  • Scanning electron microscopes SEM
  • Sediment coring equipment
  • Sediment samplers
  • Sediment traps
  • Seismic stations
  • Sieve shakers
  • Soil mixers
  • Soil moisture meters
  • Soil samplers
  • Sonic anemometers
  • Sonic sifters
  • Spinner magnetometers
  • Stereo light microscopes
  • Stereo zoom microscopes
  • Stereographic microscopes
  • Submersible pressure sensors
  • Survey altimeters
  • Tablet computers
  • Temperature sensors
  • Theodolites
  • Total dissolved solids TDS meters
  • Total stations
  • Tree increment borers
  • Truck-mounted drilling rigs
  • Turbidity probes
  • Ultrasonic sieving systems
  • Video cameras
  • Video microscopes
  • Water current meters
  • Water samplers
  • Wind direction sensors
  • X ray diffraction equipment
  • X ray diffractometers
  • ACD Systems Canvas
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Dreamweaver
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • Caliper Maptitude
  • Clark Labs IDRISI Andes
  • Corel CorelDraw Graphics Suite
  • ESRI ArcGIS software
  • ESRI ArcIMS
  • ESRI ArcInfo
  • ESRI ArcView
  • Geographic resources analysis support system GRASS software
  • Golden Software Grapher
  • Golden Software Surfer
  • Groundwater Vistas software
  • HydroSOLVE AQTESOLV software
  • ITT Visual Information Solutions ENVI
  • Leica Geosystems ERDAS IMAGINE
  • Lemkesoft GraphicConverter
  • MapInfo MapMarker
  • Martin D Adamiker's TruFlite
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Word
  • Minitab software
  • MODPATH
  • Pattern searching software
  • RockWare MODFLOW
  • SAS software
  • Scientific Software Group RiverMorph
  • SPSS software
  • Systat Software SigmaPlot
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • Trimble Pathfinder Office
  • Wolfram Research Mathematica


  • life physical and social science


    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220