Hydrologists
SOC: 19-2043.00

Description:

Research the distribution, circulation, and physical properties of underground and surface waters; and study the form and intensity of precipitation, its rate of infiltration into the soil, movement through the earth, and its return to the ocean and atmosphere.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
7,000 employed

Projected (2024):
7,500 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Assistant Groundwater Engineer
  • Environmental Consultant
  • Geologist
  • Geophysical Laboratory Chief
  • Geophysicist
  • Groundwater Consultant
  • Groundwater Programs Director
  • Hydraulic Engineer
  • Hydrogeologist
  • Hydrologic Engineer
  • Hydrologist
  • Isotope Hydrologist
  • Professor
  • Research Hydrologist
  • Seismologist
  • Source Water Protection Specialist
  • Surface Hydrologist
  • Volcanologist
  • Water Resources Program Director


  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Installation
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Study and document quantities, distribution, disposition, and development of underground and surface waters.
  • Coordinate and supervise the work of professional and technical staff, including research assistants, technologists, and technicians.
  • Prepare hydrogeologic evaluations of known or suspected hazardous waste sites and land treatment and feedlot facilities.
  • Design and conduct scientific hydrogeological investigations to ensure that accurate and appropriate information is available for use in water resource management decisions.
  • Study public water supply issues, including flood and drought risks, water quality, wastewater, and impacts on wetland habitats.
  • Collect and analyze water samples as part of field investigations or to validate data from automatic monitors.
  • Apply research findings to help minimize the environmental impacts of pollution, waterborne diseases, erosion, and sedimentation.
  • Measure and graph phenomena such as lake levels, stream flows, and changes in water volumes.
  • Investigate complaints or conflicts related to the alteration of public waters, gathering information, recommending alternatives, informing participants of progress, and preparing draft orders.
  • Answer questions and provide technical assistance and information to contractors or the public regarding issues such as well drilling, code requirements, hydrology, and geology.
  • Develop or modify methods of conducting hydrologic studies.
  • Install, maintain, and calibrate instruments, such as those that monitor water levels, rainfall, and sediments.
  • Evaluate data and provide recommendations regarding the feasibility of municipal projects, such as hydroelectric power plants, irrigation systems, flood warning systems, and waste treatment facilities.
  • Conduct short-term and long-term climate assessments and study storm occurrences.
  • Study and analyze the physical aspects of the earth in terms of the hydrological components, including atmosphere, hydrosphere, and interior structure.
  • Conduct research and communicate information to promote the conservation and preservation of water resources.
  • Design civil works associated with hydrographic activities and supervise their construction, installation, and maintenance.
  • Review applications for site plans and permits and recommend approval, denial, modification, or further investigative action.
  • Evaluate research data in terms of its impact on issues such as soil and water conservation, flood control planning, and water supply forecasting.
  • Monitor the work of well contractors, exploratory borers, and engineers and enforce rules regarding their activities.
  • Administer programs designed to ensure the proper sealing of abandoned wells.
  • Compile and evaluate hydrologic information to prepare navigational charts and maps and to predict atmospheric conditions.
  • Investigate properties, origins, and activities of glaciers, ice, snow, and permafrost.
  • Develop computer models for hydrologic predictions.
  • Prepare written and oral reports describing research results, using illustrations, maps, appendices, and other information.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Bailers
  • Biological oxygen demand water samplers
  • Calipers
  • Cellular telemetry system water level monitors
  • Clinometers
  • Conductivity meters
  • Core samplers
  • Data logging pressure/temperature sensors
  • Desktop computers
  • Dessicators
  • Dip nets
  • Dissolved oxygen meters
  • Doppler current and depth meters
  • Double-packer systems
  • Drive-point piezometers
  • Erosion monitors
  • Extensometers
  • Filter flasks
  • Flow-through field fluorometers
  • Global positioning system GPS receivers
  • Groundwater data logging instruments
  • Groundwater sampling peristaltic pumps
  • Handheld data collection units
  • Hydraulic fracturing systems
  • Hydrological current meters
  • Ice meters
  • In-situ pore water samplers
  • Inclinometers
  • Instream sediment collectors
  • Laboratory ovens
  • Laboratory vacuum pumps
  • Laser printers
  • Levels
  • Light density meters
  • Mainframe computers
  • Map templates
  • Micrometers
  • Multi-port sampling systems to monitor groundwater
  • Multiparameter water quality instruments
  • Notebook computers
  • Oil water interface meters
  • Personal computers
  • pH meters
  • Pipettes
  • Pore pressure piezometers
  • Portable pumping and sampling systems
  • Radar equipment
  • Radiological monitoring equipment
  • Respirators
  • Salinity meters
  • Sediment samplers
  • Sieve shakers
  • Soil samplers
  • Sounding reels
  • Specific gravity hydrometers
  • Spring scales
  • Standpipe multi-packer systems for long-term monitoring of deep boreholes
  • Stream flow gauges
  • Submersible pressure and level sensors
  • Submersible water quality sensors
  • Subsurface grab water samplers
  • Suction samplers
  • Surface water velocity measurement probes
  • Swing water samplers
  • Total stations
  • Turbidimeters
  • Two way radios
  • Underwater temperature recorders
  • Underwater video cameras
  • Water level recorders
  • Well/surface water dataloggers
  • Wireless data collection systems
  • Advanced Logic Technology WellCAD
  • Amtec Engineering Tecplot
  • Argus ONE Open Numerical Environments
  • Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D
  • Autodesk AutoCAD MAP3D
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • Autodesk Land Desktop
  • Bentley MicroStation
  • Biodegration flow and transport modeling BIO F&T software
  • BOSS International Visual Groundwater
  • C++
  • Carlson SurvCADD
  • Clover Technology GALENA
  • EarthSoft EQuIS Geology
  • Earthvision modeling software
  • Electric Rain Swift 3D software
  • Email software
  • EnviroData Solutions software
  • Environmental Insite software
  • Environmental Software and Services SUTRA
  • eSense software
  • ESRI ArcGIS software
  • ESRI ArcView
  • Fitts Geosolutions TWODAN
  • Formlink HydroGEN
  • Formula translation/translator FORTRAN
  • GAEA Technologies Packet ESA
  • GAEA Technologies WinLog
  • GAEA Technologies WinSieve
  • Geomechanical design analysis GDA software
  • gINT software
  • GIS/Key software
  • Golden Software Strater
  • Golden Software Surfer
  • Graphics software
  • Groundwater modeling system GMS software
  • Groundwater Software QuickCross/Fence
  • Groundwater Software QuickLog
  • Groundwater Software Visual Site Manager
  • Groundwater Vistas software
  • HEC RAS
  • HEC-1
  • HEC-2
  • Hydrologic simulation program fortan HSPF software
  • HydroSOLVE AQTESOLV software
  • Integrated Environmental Services 3D Master
  • Laboratory information management system LIMS software
  • Logger data manager LDM software
  • Logplot software
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Visual Basic
  • Microsoft Word
  • MLPU software
  • National pollutant discharge elimination system NPDES compliance software
  • Parameter Estimation PEST
  • PRINCE software
  • Python
  • Revised universal soil loss equation RUSLE software
  • River Lake Altimetry Product
  • RockWare ChemFlux
  • RockWare Geochemist's Workbench GWB
  • RockWare MODFLOW
  • RockWare RockWorks
  • RockWare SieveGraph
  • Satellite database software
  • Scientific Software Group 3DFATMIC
  • Scientific Software Group 3DFEMFAT
  • Scientific Software Group AQUA3D
  • Scientific Software Group AquaDyn
  • Scientific Software Group AQUASEA
  • Scientific Software Group Aquifer win32
  • Scientific Software Group AQUIPACK
  • Scientific Software Group AT123D
  • Scientific Software Group BIO1D
  • Scientific Software Group BIOF&T
  • Scientific Software Group BIOSLURP
  • Scientific Software Group BioTrends
  • Scientific Software Group CHASM
  • Scientific Software Group ChemGraph
  • Scientific Software Group ChemPoint/ChemStat
  • Scientific Software Group DTM
  • Scientific Software Group Enviro-Base Pro
  • Scientific Software Group EnviroScape
  • Scientific Software Group EVS
  • Scientific Software Group FEFLOW
  • Scientific Software Group Filter Drain FD
  • Scientific Software Group GFLOW
  • Scientific Software Group HydroGeo Analyst
  • Scientific Software Group HYDROGEOCHEM
  • Scientific Software Group Infinite Extent
  • Scientific Software Group MARS 2-D/3-D
  • Scientific Software Group MIDUSS
  • Scientific Software Group MIGRATE
  • Scientific Software Group MINTEQA2
  • Scientific Software Group MOCDENSE
  • Scientific Software Group MODFLOWT
  • Scientific Software Group MODPUMP
  • Scientific Software Group MODRET
  • Scientific Software Group MOFAT
  • Scientific Software Group MohrView
  • Scientific Software Group MOVER
  • Scientific Software Group MS-VMS
  • Scientific Software Group MT3D99
  • Scientific Software Group OILVOL
  • Scientific Software Group POLLUTE
  • Scientific Software Group QHM
  • Scientific Software Group QuickSoil
  • Scientific Software Group RISC WorkBench
  • Scientific Software Group RiverMorph
  • Scientific Software Group RMT
  • Scientific Software Group SEQUENCE
  • Scientific Software Group SESOIL
  • Scientific Software Group SLAEM/MLAEM
  • Scientific Software Group Soil Vapor Extraction BioSVE
  • Scientific Software Group SOILPARA
  • Scientific Software Group SOLUTRANS
  • Scientific Software Group StepMaster
  • Scientific Software Group SURF
  • Scientific Software Group SVFlux
  • Scientific Software Group SVHeat
  • Scientific Software Group TUFLOW
  • Scientific Software Group VAM2D
  • Scientific Software Group WinFlow
  • Scientific Software Group WinTran
  • Scientific Software GroupWHI UnSAT Suite
  • Scientific Software GroupWinFence
  • SEDCAD software
  • Softree Technical Systems Terrain Tools
  • SoilVision Systems SoilVision software
  • SoilVision Systems SVGrainsize
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Starpint Software Super Slug
  • StatPoint StatGraphics Plus
  • Surface water modeling system SMS software
  • Trimble Pathfinder Office
  • Trimble TerraSync
  • Vieux & Associates Vflow
  • Visual MODFLOW Pro
  • Waterloo Hydrogeologic AquaChem
  • Waterloo Hydrogeologic AquiferTest Pro
  • Waterloo Hydrogeologic RBC Tier 2 Analyzer
  • Waters eLab Notebook
  • Watershed modeling system WMS software
  • Web browser software
  • Word processing software


  • life physical and social science


    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220