Chemists
SOC: 19-2031.00

Description:

Conduct qualitative and quantitative chemical analyses or experiments in laboratories for quality or process control or to develop new products or knowledge.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
91,100 employed

Projected (2024):
93,500 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Agricultural Chemist
  • Air Quality Chemist
  • Analytical Chemist
  • Astrochemist
  • Bench Chemist
  • Ceramic Chemist
  • Cereal Chemist
  • Chemical Analyst
  • Chemical Economist
  • Chemical Laboratory Chief
  • Chemical Laboratory Scientist
  • Chemist
  • Coagulating Drying Supervisor
  • Coal Chemist
  • Control Chemist
  • Cosmetic Chemist
  • Criminalist
  • Dairy Chemist
  • Electrochemist
  • Food Chemist
  • Food Processing Chemist
  • Forensic Chemist
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Analyst (GC-MS Analyst)
  • Industrial Chemist
  • Inorganic Chemist
  • Laboratory Chemist
  • Laboratory Supervisor
  • Medical Chemist
  • Metals Analyst
  • Mix Chemist
  • Nutritional Chemist
  • Oil Expert
  • Patent Chemist
  • Pesticide Chemist
  • Pharmaceutical Analyst
  • Pharmaceutical Scientist
  • Physical Chemist
  • Physiological Chemist
  • Powder Expert
  • Process Chemist
  • Product Development Chemist
  • Quality Control Chemist (QC Chemist)
  • Research and Development Chemist
  • Research Chemist
  • Rubber Chemist
  • Sanitary Chemist
  • Scientist
  • Senior Chemist
  • Soil Chemist
  • Textile Chemist
  • Water Chemist
  • Wet Chemistry Analyst


  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Analyze organic or inorganic compounds to determine chemical or physical properties, composition, structure, relationships, or reactions, using chromatography, spectroscopy, or spectrophotometry techniques.
  • Develop, improve, or customize products, equipment, formulas, processes, or analytical methods.
  • Compile and analyze test information to determine process or equipment operating efficiency or to diagnose malfunctions.
  • Confer with scientists or engineers to conduct analyses of research projects, interpret test results, or develop nonstandard tests.
  • Direct, coordinate, or advise personnel in test procedures for analyzing components or physical properties of materials.
  • Induce changes in composition of substances by introducing heat, light, energy, or chemical catalysts for quantitative or qualitative analysis.
  • Write technical papers or reports or prepare standards and specifications for processes, facilities, products, or tests.
  • Study effects of various methods of processing, preserving, or packaging on composition or properties of foods.
  • Prepare test solutions, compounds, or reagents for laboratory personnel to conduct tests.
  • Maintain laboratory instruments to ensure proper working order and troubleshoot malfunctions when needed.
  • Conduct quality control tests.
  • Evaluate laboratory safety procedures to ensure compliance with standards or to make improvements as needed.
  • Purchase laboratory supplies, such as chemicals, when supplies are low or near their expiration date.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Air dryers
  • Airfree/waterfree solvent purification systems
  • Alcohol lamps
  • Analytical balances
  • Annealing ovens
  • Atomic absorption AA spectrometers
  • Automatic peptide synthesizers
  • Autotitrators
  • Beakers
  • Benchtop lyophilizers
  • Box furnace ovens
  • Bunsen burners
  • Burets
  • Capillary electrophoresis systems
  • Carbon hydrogen nitrogen CHN elemental analyzers
  • Centrifugal evaporator concentrators
  • Chemical centrifuges
  • Closed cycle refrigerators
  • Cold trap evaporators
  • Combustion furnaces
  • Conductance meters
  • Conductivity detectors
  • Conductivity meters
  • Cryogenic refrigerators
  • Cryostats
  • Cuvettes
  • Deflagration spoons
  • Densitometers
  • Desktop computers
  • Differential scanning calorimeters
  • Digital cameras
  • Digital electrophoresis documentation and analysis systems
  • Digital gel analyzer systems
  • Diode lasers
  • Dissolved oxygen meters
  • Distillation ovens
  • Distilling units
  • Dye lasers
  • Electrochemical analyzers
  • Electronic toploading balances
  • Erlenmeyer flasks
  • Floor centrifuges
  • Flow injection analyzers
  • Fluorescence microscopes
  • Fourier transform infrared FTIR spectrometers
  • Fraction collectors
  • Freeze dryers
  • Fume hoods
  • Funnels
  • Galvanostats
  • Gas chromatograph mass spectrometers GC-MS
  • Gas chromatographs GC
  • Glassware washers
  • Graduated cylinders
  • Grinder mills
  • Helium-cadmium lasers
  • High-performance liquid chromatographs
  • High-pressure high-temperature reactors
  • High-pressure liquid chromatography systems
  • High-speed centrifuges
  • Homogenizers
  • Hot plates with magnetic stirrers
  • Hydrogenation apparatus
  • Immersion probes
  • Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometers ICP-MS
  • Inert atmosphere glove boxes
  • Infrared IR spectrometers
  • Inverted microscopes
  • Ion analyzers
  • Ion selective electrode ISE meters
  • Karl Fischer titrators
  • Lab heat exchangers
  • Laboratory presses
  • Laboratory vacuum pumps
  • Laptop computers
  • Large-format plotters
  • Laser power meters
  • Laser printers
  • Liquid chromatographs LC
  • Liquid scintillation counters
  • Luminescence spectrometers
  • Magnetic susceptibility balances
  • Magnetometers
  • Mainframe computers
  • Mass spectrometers
  • Melting point apparatus
  • Mercury lamp photolysis systems
  • Micro electrobalances
  • Microcentrifuges
  • Microdistillation ovens
  • Microinjectors
  • Micropipettes
  • Microplate spectrophotometers
  • Microwave digestion systems
  • Mini synthesizers
  • Monocular microscopes
  • Multiwell microplates
  • Nanoscopes
  • Neodymium-doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Nd:YAG lasers
  • Nitrogen lasers
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectrometers
  • Oscillating disc rheometers
  • Oscilloscopes
  • Oxygen bomb calorimeters
  • Particle size analyzers
  • Personal computers
  • Petri dishes
  • pH meters
  • Photochemical reactors
  • Picosecond lasers
  • Pipettes
  • Pipetting stations
  • Plasticorders
  • Polarimeters
  • Polarizing microscopes
  • Polarographic analyzers
  • Potentiostats
  • Pressure sensors
  • Reagent pumps
  • Refrigerated circulators
  • Refrigerated high-speed centrifuges
  • Respirators
  • Respirometers
  • Rotary evaporators
  • Scanning electron microscopes SEM
  • Scanning tunneling microscopes STM
  • Shaking incubators
  • Shaking waterbaths
  • Signal average storage scopes
  • Single crystal x ray diffractometers
  • Solar simulators
  • Solvent recyclers
  • Sonicators
  • Spectrofluorimeters
  • Spectrometers
  • Spectrophotometers
  • Speed-vac concentrators
  • Split-hinge furnaces
  • Stereo zoom microscopes
  • Strip chart recorders
  • Stripping analyzers
  • Syringe pumps
  • Tabletop centrifuges
  • Tensile testers
  • Test tubes
  • Thermal cyclers
  • Thermal gravimetric analyzers
  • Thistle tubes
  • Tissue culture plates
  • Titrators
  • Top-loading electronic balances
  • Tube magnetic mixers
  • Tubular furnaces
  • Ultracentrifuges
  • Ultraviolet-visible spectrometers
  • Vacuum ovens
  • Water baths
  • Well tissue culture plates
  • X ray diffraction equipment
  • Accelrys Cerius2
  • Accelrys DeCipher
  • Advanced Chemistry Development ACD/1D nuclear magnetic resonance NMR processor
  • Agilent ChemStation
  • Apple iWork Keynote
  • Apple iWork Numbers
  • Apple iWork Pages
  • Apple iWork software
  • Bruker BioSpin TopSpin
  • C
  • C++
  • CambridgeSoft ChemOffice Ultra
  • Chem2Pac software
  • Chemical kinetics software
  • ChemInnovation Software Chem 4-D
  • ChemSW Buffer Maker
  • ChemSW Calibration Pro
  • ChemSW Chemical Inventory System CIS
  • ChemSW Laboratory Document Control System LDCS
  • ChemSW Mass Spec Tools
  • ChemSW Molecular Modeling Pro
  • ChemSW Uncertainty Pro
  • Conversion tools software
  • Crystallography software
  • CrystalMaker software
  • Density functional theory DFT software
  • Digital imaging software
  • eNotebook software
  • Extensible markup language XML
  • Gas chromatograph GS software
  • Gaussian software
  • Graphics software
  • Hypercube HyperChem
  • Hypertext markup language HTML
  • Internet browser software
  • ItemTracker software
  • JDA Arthur KnowledgeBase database
  • JMP software
  • Laboratory information management system LIMS software
  • LabTrack Electronic Lab Notebook
  • Logger software
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Visio
  • Microsoft Visual Basic
  • Microsoft Word
  • Minitab software
  • Modeling software
  • MolDraw
  • Molecular simulation software
  • Molsearch Pro
  • MSI Insight/Discover software
  • Multi-functional calculators
  • NeoOffice
  • Network Science IR Mentor Pro
  • Oracle Java
  • Oracle software
  • Organic synthesis planning software
  • Q-Chem software
  • SAP software
  • SciQuest PE TurboChrom
  • Siemens SHELXTL
  • Spartan software
  • Statistical software
  • Structured query language SQL
  • Surface modeling software
  • Synthematix StructureSearch
  • UBI Biotracker
  • Vogel Scientific Software Group CALACO
  • Waters Empower Chromatography Data Software
  • Waters Millennium32
  • Wavefunction Spartan
  • Word processing software


  • life physical and social science


    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220