Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists
SOC: 19-1042.00

Description:

Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation, research and development, or other related activities. Includes physicians, dentists, public health specialists, pharmacologists, and medical pathologists who primarily conduct research.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
107,900 employed

Projected (2024):
116,800 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Anatomist
  • Associate Director, Experimental Medicine
  • Cancer Researcher
  • Chemotherapist
  • Clinical Analyst
  • Clinical Director
  • Clinical Laboratory Scientist
  • Clinical Liaison
  • Clinical Manager
  • Clinical Pharmacologist
  • Clinical Research Analyst
  • Clinical Research Associate
  • Clinical Research Director
  • Clinical Research Scientist
  • Clinical Researcher
  • Cytologist
  • Director Multiple Sclerosis Center
  • Director of Laboratory Operations
  • Director of Preclinical Research
  • Director of Research
  • Director, Clinical Pharmacology
  • Director, Experimental Medicine
  • Director, Metabolism
  • Drug Safety Scientist
  • Endocrinologist
  • Gerontologist
  • Good Laboratory Practice In Vitro Study Director (GLP In Vitro Study Director)
  • Histologist
  • Histopathologist
  • Immunochemist
  • Industrial Pharmacist
  • Investigator
  • Laboratory Coordinator
  • Laboratory Director
  • Lead Scientist
  • MD Senior Research Scientist
  • Medical Health Researcher
  • Medical Physicist
  • Medical Research Scientist
  • Medical Researcher
  • Medical Scientist
  • Nanotechnologist
  • Neurophysiologist
  • Neuroscientist
  • Neurosurgery Research Director
  • Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologist
  • Parasitologist
  • Pesticide Use Medical Coordinator
  • Pharmaceutical Botanist
  • Pharmacognosist
  • Pharmacologist
  • Pharmacometrician
  • Pharmacovigilance Safety Expert
  • Post-Doctoral Fellow
  • Principal Investigator
  • Protein Purification Scientist
  • Research Assistant
  • Research Assistant Member
  • Research Associate
  • Research Group Director
  • Research Scientist
  • Scientific Director
  • Scientist
  • Senior Research Scientist
  • Senior Scientist
  • Serologist
  • Toxicologist


  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media


  • Tasks:

  • Plan and direct studies to investigate human or animal disease, preventive methods, and treatments for disease.
  • Follow strict safety procedures when handling toxic materials to avoid contamination.
  • Evaluate effects of drugs, gases, pesticides, parasites, and microorganisms at various levels.
  • Teach principles of medicine and medical and laboratory procedures to physicians, residents, students, and technicians.
  • Prepare and analyze organ, tissue, and cell samples to identify toxicity, bacteria, or microorganisms or to study cell structure.
  • Standardize drug dosages, methods of immunization, and procedures for manufacture of drugs and medicinal compounds.
  • Investigate cause, progress, life cycle, or mode of transmission of diseases or parasites.
  • Confer with health departments, industry personnel, physicians, and others to develop health safety standards and public health improvement programs.
  • Study animal and human health and physiological processes.
  • Consult with and advise physicians, educators, researchers, and others regarding medical applications of physics, biology, and chemistry.
  • Use equipment such as atomic absorption spectrometers, electron microscopes, flow cytometers, and chromatography systems.
  • Conduct research to develop methodologies, instrumentation, and procedures for medical application, analyzing data and presenting findings to the scientific audience and general public.
  • Write and publish articles in scientific journals.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Absorption tubes
  • Atomic absorption AA spectrophotometers
  • Autoclaves
  • Automated centrifuges
  • Automated deoxyribonucleic acid DNA sequencers
  • Balances
  • Beta counters
  • Binocular light compound microscopes
  • Blenders
  • Blood gas machines
  • Bomb calorimeters
  • Bone ultrasound densitometers
  • Capillary electrophoresis equipment
  • Carbon dioxide CO2 incubators
  • Cell disruptors
  • Centrifuges
  • Chemistry analyzers
  • Chromatographic tubes
  • Coagulation machines
  • Cold vapor atomic absorption spectrophotometers
  • Colorimeters
  • Computerized axial tomography CAT scanners
  • Confocal microscopes
  • Coulter counters
  • Crossflow filtration systems
  • Cuvettes
  • Cyclotrons
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA synthesizers
  • Desktop computers
  • Developing tanks
  • Differential cell counters
  • Electrical conductivity meters
  • Electrocardiography EKG machines
  • Electron microscopes
  • Electrophoresis power systems
  • Erlenmeyer flasks
  • Fermenters
  • Filter funnels
  • Fixed-angle microfuges
  • Flame atomic absorption spectrophotometers
  • Flame photometers
  • Flasks
  • Flow cytometers
  • Fourier Transform IR spectrophotometers
  • Fume hoods
  • Gamma counters
  • Gas chromatographs GC
  • Gel documentation systems
  • Gel dryers
  • Gel electrophoresis boxes
  • Glassware washers
  • Graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometers
  • Heat lamps
  • Heating blocks
  • Hematology analyzers
  • High-pressure liquid chromatographs
  • High-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging MRI equipment
  • High-speed centrifuges
  • Homogenizers
  • Hot air ovens
  • Hot plates
  • Incubators
  • Ion chromatographs
  • Laboratory evaporators
  • Laminar flow hoods
  • Laptop computers
  • Laser printers
  • Liquid handling robots
  • Magnetic stirrers
  • Mainframe computers
  • Mass spectrometers
  • Measuring cylinders
  • Medical magnetic resonance imaging MRI equipment
  • Mercury analyzers
  • Microarrayer scanners
  • Microdiffusion dishes
  • Microplate readers
  • Microscope/video camera stations
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance NMR spectroscopes
  • Pasteur pipettes
  • Peptide synthesizers
  • Personal computers
  • Petri dishes
  • pH meters
  • Pipettes
  • Plate washers
  • Positron emission tomography PET scanners
  • Powder funnels
  • Recording spectrophotometers
  • Refrigerated centrifuges
  • Refrigerated swinging bucket centrifuges
  • Rotary evaporators
  • Scintillation counters
  • Selective ion meters
  • Shaking incubators
  • Speed vacs
  • Spray atomizers
  • Steam distillation apparatus
  • Tabletop centrifuges
  • Thermal cyclers
  • Thin layer chromatography equipment
  • Thin layer chromatography plates
  • Ultracentrifuges
  • Ultralow freezers
  • Ultrasound imaging scanners
  • Ultraviolet UV crosslinkers
  • Ultraviolet-Visible UV/VIS spectrophotometers
  • Volumetric flasks
  • Vortex mixers
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software
  • BioArray Software Environment BASE software
  • Database software
  • ESRI ArcGIS software
  • FileMaker Pro software
  • Integrated development environment IDE software
  • LexisNexis software
  • Linux
  • Medical Scientists HybridAI
  • Medical Scientists MediSave
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Visual Basic
  • Microsoft Word
  • Minitab software
  • National Instruments LabVIEW
  • PerkinElmer TurboMass
  • Presentation software
  • Python
  • R
  • SAS software
  • Spreadsheet software
  • SPSS software
  • StataCorp Stata
  • Statistical software
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • Thermo ToxLab
  • Triple G ULTRA Laboratory Information System
  • UNIX
  • Waters eLab Notebook
  • Waters Empower 2
  • Waters MassLynx
  • Waters Millennium32
  • Waters Q-DIS/QM LIMS
  • Word processing software


  • life physical and social science


    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220