Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
SOC: 19-1023.00

Description:

Study the origins, behavior, diseases, genetics, and life processes of animals and wildlife. May specialize in wildlife research and management. May collect and analyze biological data to determine the environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water habitats.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
21,300 employed

Projected (2024):
22,200 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Animal Behaviorist
  • Animal Biologist
  • Aquatic Biologist
  • Assistant Research Scientist
  • Behaviorist
  • Black Bear Project Leader
  • Conservation Resources Management Biologist
  • Cryptozoologist
  • Dolphin Researcher
  • Ecologist
  • Entomologist
  • Environmental Consultant
  • Environmental Specialist
  • Field Naturalist
  • Fish and Wildlife Biologist
  • Fish and Wildlife Scientific Aid
  • Fish Biologist
  • Fish Conservationist
  • Fish Culturist
  • Fish Technologist
  • Fisheries Biologist
  • Fisheries Management Biologist
  • Fishery Biologist
  • Forest Service Wildlife Program Leader
  • Game Management Assistant Chief
  • Hatchery Superintendant
  • Herpetologist
  • Ichthyologist
  • Lepidopterist
  • Limnologist
  • Mammalogist
  • Marine Biologist
  • Marine Scientist
  • Migratory Game Bird Biologist
  • Naturalist
  • Nematologist
  • Ornithologist
  • Protozoologist
  • Shark Biologist
  • Terrestrial Ecologist
  • Threatened and Endangered Species Coordinator
  • Wildlife Biologist
  • Wildlife Conservationist
  • Wildlife Diversity Program Manager
  • Wildlife Division Manager
  • Wildlife Ecologist
  • Wildlife Health Specialist
  • Wildlife Manager
  • Wildlife Program Manager
  • Wildlife Technician
  • Zookeeper
  • Zoologist


  • Job Zone Five: Extensive Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).

    Job Training:

    Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Study animals in their natural habitats, assessing effects of environment and industry on animals, interpreting findings and recommending alternative operating conditions for industry.
  • Inventory or estimate plant and wildlife populations.
  • Analyze characteristics of animals to identify and classify them.
  • Make recommendations on management systems and planning for wildlife populations and habitat, consulting with stakeholders and the public at large to explore options.
  • Disseminate information by writing reports and scientific papers or journal articles, and by making presentations and giving talks for schools, clubs, interest groups and park interpretive programs.
  • Study characteristics of animals, such as origin, interrelationships, classification, life histories and diseases, development, genetics, and distribution.
  • Perform administrative duties such as fundraising, public relations, budgeting, and supervision of zoo staff.
  • Organize and conduct experimental studies with live animals in controlled or natural surroundings.
  • Oversee the care and distribution of zoo animals, working with curators and zoo directors to determine the best way to contain animals, maintain their habitats and manage facilities.
  • Coordinate preventive programs to control the outbreak of wildlife diseases.
  • Prepare collections of preserved specimens or microscopic slides for species identification and study of development or disease.
  • Raise specimens for study and observation or for use in experiments.
  • Collect and dissect animal specimens and examine specimens under microscope.
  • Inform and respond to public regarding wildlife and conservation issues, such as plant identification, hunting ordinances, and nuisance wildlife.
  • Check for, and ensure compliance with, environmental laws, and notify law enforcement when violations are identified.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • 35 millimeter cameras
  • Adjustable widemouth pliers
  • Aerial nets
  • Air compressors
  • All terrain vehicles ATV
  • Animal transmitters
  • Animal traps
  • Archery bows
  • Axes
  • Benchtop centrifuges
  • Benthic samplers
  • Binoculars
  • Boat trailers
  • Bongo nets
  • Calorimeters
  • Canoes
  • Carbon dioxide CO2 monitors
  • Climbing belts
  • Clinometers
  • Compasses
  • Compound binocular light microscopes
  • Compound microscopes
  • Conductivity meters
  • Counting chambers
  • Culvert traps
  • D-ring nets
  • Dart guns
  • Dataloggers
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital cameras
  • Dip net samplers
  • Dissecting microscopes
  • Dissecting tools
  • Dissolved oxygen meters
  • Dropping pipettes
  • Drying ovens
  • Dust masks
  • Egg candlers
  • Ekman dredges
  • Extension ladders
  • Field thermometers
  • Fish traps
  • Flow meters
  • Folsom plankton splitters
  • Foot snares
  • Four wheel drive 4WD vehicles
  • Fume hoods
  • Geodetic ground global positioning system GPS receivers
  • Gill nets
  • Graduated glass laboratory cylinders
  • Hand lenses
  • Hard hats
  • Jellyfish scoops
  • Jet skis
  • Laboratory balances
  • Laboratory beakers
  • Laboratory forceps
  • Laboratory freezers
  • Laboratory funnels
  • Laboratory mechanical convection incubators
  • Laser hypsometers
  • Laser printers
  • Leather gloves
  • Light traps
  • Mesh sieves
  • Metric measuring tapes
  • Micrometers
  • Mist nets
  • Monopan balances
  • Multiplate samplers
  • Nitrile gloves
  • Notebook computers
  • Odonata nets
  • Personal computers
  • Petri dishes
  • pH meters
  • Photomicroscopes
  • Plankton nets
  • Portable refractometers
  • Radio telemetry equipment
  • Rubber rafts
  • Rulers
  • Safety glasses
  • Salinity meters
  • Scintillation vials
  • Secchi disks
  • Seines
  • Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus SCUBA equipment
  • Sieve buckets
  • Sledgehammers
  • Small power boats
  • Snorkels
  • Snowmobiles
  • Specimen collection containers
  • Spectrometers
  • Spotting scopes
  • Spring scales
  • Stainless steel scalpel blades
  • Steam autoclaves
  • Sterilizing ovens
  • Sweeping nets
  • Tree corers
  • Tree top peeper and video probe systems
  • Two way radios
  • Vernier calipers
  • Volumeters
  • Water pumps
  • Water sample collection containers
  • Water samplers
  • Water thermometers
  • Computer modeling software
  • Corel WordPerfect software
  • Data entry software
  • Database management software
  • Email software
  • ESRI ArcGIS software
  • ESRI ArcView
  • Geographic information system GIS software
  • HATPRO
  • IBM Lotus 1-2-3
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Project
  • Microsoft Word
  • Relational database software
  • SAS software
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Statistical software
  • Web browser software
  • Word processing software


  • life physical and social science


    industry stats

    SOC: 19-0000

    Total Employed: 1,146,110

    Average Annual Salary: $71,220