Water/Wastewater Engineers
SOC: 17-2081.01

Description:

Design or oversee projects involving provision of potable water, disposal of wastewater and sewage, or prevention of flood-related damage. Prepare environmental documentation for water resources, regulatory program compliance, data management and analysis, and field work. Perform hydraulic modeling and pipeline design.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
55,100 employed

Projected (2024):
62,000 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Acting Section Chief
  • Assistant County Engineer
  • Dimensional Engineer
  • Director Water and Waste Services
  • Engineer and Geologist
  • Floodplain Manager
  • Hydrologic Modeler
  • Principal Consulting Engineer
  • Principal Technologist
  • Program Manager
  • Project Manager
  • Project Manager/Design Manager
  • Remediation Project Engineer
  • Surface Water Manager
  • Wastewater Design Engineer
  • Wastewater Engineer
  • Wastewater Plant Civil Engineer
  • Wastewater Process Engineer
  • Wastewater Project Engineer
  • Water Engineer
  • Water Project Engineer
  • Water Resources Engineer
  • Water Reuse Program Manager
  • Water Systems Designer
  • Water Systems Engineer
  • Water/Wastewater Engineer
  • Water/Wastewater Project Engineer
  • Water/Wastewater Project Manager
  • Watershed Engineer


  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Troubleshooting
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Medicine and Dentistry
  • Therapy and Counseling
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Write technical reports or publications related to water resources development or water use efficiency.
  • Review and critique proposals, plans, or designs related to water or wastewater treatment systems.
  • Provide technical support on water resource or treatment issues to government agencies.
  • Provide technical direction or supervision to junior engineers, engineering or computer-aided design (CAD) technicians, or other technical personnel.
  • Identify design alternatives for the development of new water resources.
  • Develop plans for new water resources or water efficiency programs.
  • Design or select equipment for use in wastewater processing to ensure compliance with government standards.
  • Conduct water quality studies to identify and characterize water pollutant sources.
  • Perform mathematical modeling of underground or surface water resources, such as floodplains, ocean coastlines, streams, rivers, or wetlands.
  • Perform hydrological analyses, using three-dimensional simulation software, to model the movement of water or forecast the dispersion of chemical pollutants in the water supply.
  • Perform hydraulic analyses of water supply systems or water distribution networks to model flow characteristics, test for pressure losses, or to identify opportunities to mitigate risks and improve operational efficiency.
  • Oversee the construction of decentralized or on-site wastewater treatment systems, including reclaimed water facilities.
  • Gather and analyze water use data to forecast water demand.
  • Conduct feasibility studies for the construction of facilities, such as water supply systems, run-off collection networks, water and wastewater treatment plants, or wastewater collection systems.
  • Conduct environmental impact studies related to water and wastewater collection, treatment, or distribution.
  • Conduct cost-benefit analyses for the construction of water supply systems, run-off collection networks, water and wastewater treatment plants, or wastewater collection systems.
  • Analyze the efficiency of water delivery structures, such as dams, tainter gates, canals, pipes, penstocks, or cofferdams.
  • Analyze storm water or floodplain drainage systems to control erosion, stabilize river banks, repair channel streams, or design bridges.
  • Analyze and recommend sludge treatment or disposal methods.
  • Analyze and recommend chemical, biological, or other wastewater treatment methods to prepare water for industrial or domestic use.
  • Design water storage tanks or other water storage facilities.
  • Design water run-off collection networks, water supply channels, or water supply system networks.
  • Design water or wastewater lift stations, including water wells.
  • Design water distribution systems for potable or nonpotable water.
  • Design sludge treatment plants.
  • Design pumping systems, pumping stations, pipelines, force mains, or sewers for the collection of wastewater.
  • Design domestic or industrial water or wastewater treatment plants, including advanced facilities with sequencing batch reactors (SBR), membranes, lift stations, headworks, surge overflow basins, ultraviolet disinfection systems, aerobic digesters, sludge lagoons, or control buildings.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Computer data input scanners
  • Computer laser printers
  • Desktop computers
  • Digitizers
  • Laptop computers
  • Large-format plotters
  • Personal computers
  • Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • Bentley GEOPAK Civil Engineering Suite
  • Bentley InRoads Suite
  • Bentley Microstation
  • Bentley SewerCAD
  • Bentley StormCAD
  • Bentley WaterCAD
  • Computer aided design and drafting software CADD
  • DHI MIKE URBAN
  • Eagle Point LANDCADD
  • EPA Storm Water Management Model SWMM
  • ESRI ArcGIS software
  • Google Chrome
  • HEC-1
  • HEC-GeoRAS
  • HEC-RAS
  • Hydraulic modeling software
  • HydroCAD Software Solutions HydroCAD
  • KYPipe
  • MapInfo software
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Project
  • Microsoft Word
  • Minitab software
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • MWH Soft InfoSWMM
  • NIWA Tideda
  • Structured query language SQL
  • Wallingford Software InfoSewer
  • Wallingford Software InfoWorks WS
  • Web browser software
  • XP Software XPSWMM


  • architecture and engineering


    industry stats

    SOC: 17-0000

    Total Employed: 2,475,390

    Average Annual Salary: $82,980