Civil Engineers
SOC: 17-2051.00

Description:

Perform engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures, and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, and water and sewage systems.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
281,400 employed

Projected (2024):
305,000 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Airport Engineer
  • Architectural Engineer
  • Asphalt Engineer
  • Base Engineer
  • Bridge Design Engineer
  • Bridge Engineer
  • Bridge/Structure Inspection Team Leader
  • Building Construction Engineer
  • Building Engineer
  • Cadastral Engineer
  • Cartographic Engineer
  • City Engineer
  • Civil Engineer
  • Civil Engineering Manager
  • Concrete Engineer
  • Condemnation Engineer
  • Construction Engineer
  • Contracting Engineer
  • County Engineer
  • Demolition Engineer
  • Design Engineer
  • District Engineer
  • Drainage Design Coordinator
  • Drainage Engineer
  • Energy Infrastructure Engineer
  • Engineer
  • Environmental Construction Engineer
  • Erecting Engineer
  • Facilities Engineer
  • Forest Engineer
  • Forestry Engineer
  • Foundation Engineer
  • Geodetic Engineer
  • Geological Engineer
  • Geotechnical Engineer
  • Highway Design Engineer
  • Highway Engineer
  • Highway Research Engineer
  • Highway Safety Engineer
  • Hydraulic Engineer
  • Hydroelectric Plant Structural Engineer
  • Hydrographic Engineer
  • Irrigation Engineer
  • Maintenance Engineer
  • Mapping Engineer
  • Material Engineer
  • Municipal Engineer
  • Plans Examiner
  • Process Engineer
  • Project Engineer
  • Railroad Design Consultant
  • Railroad Engineer
  • Reclamation Engineer
  • Reservoir Engineer
  • Resident Engineer
  • Resource Recovery Engineer
  • Road Design Engineer
  • Road Engineer
  • Sanitary Engineer
  • Street Engineer
  • Stress Engineer
  • Structural Design Engineer
  • Structural Designer
  • Structural Engineer
  • Structural Engineering Project Manager
  • Structural Steel Engineer
  • Supplier Quality Engineer (SQE)
  • Topographical Engineer
  • Track Production Engineer
  • Traffic Engineer
  • Transportation Analyst
  • Transportation Consultant
  • Transportation Engineer
  • Traveling Engineer
  • Utility Engineer
  • Wastewater Plant Civil Engineer
  • Water Systems Designer
  • Water Systems Engineer
  • Zoning Engineer


  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Geography
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Foreign Language
  • History and Archeology
  • Philosophy and Theology
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Compute load and grade requirements, water flow rates, or material stress factors to determine design specifications.
  • Inspect project sites to monitor progress and ensure conformance to design specifications and safety or sanitation standards.
  • Direct or participate in surveying to lay out installations or establish reference points, grades, or elevations to guide construction.
  • Estimate quantities and cost of materials, equipment, or labor to determine project feasibility.
  • Prepare or present public reports on topics such as bid proposals, deeds, environmental impact statements, or property and right-of-way descriptions.
  • Test soils or materials to determine the adequacy and strength of foundations, concrete, asphalt, or steel.
  • Conduct studies of traffic patterns or environmental conditions to identify engineering problems and assess potential project impact.
  • Analyze manufacturing processes or byproducts to identify engineering solutions to minimize the output of carbon or other pollutants.
  • Design energy efficient or environmentally sound civil structures.
  • Design or engineer systems to efficiently dispose of chemical, biological, or other toxic wastes.
  • Develop or implement engineering solutions to clean up industrial accidents or other contaminated sites.
  • Direct engineering activities ensuring compliance with environmental, safety, or other governmental regulations.
  • Identify environmental risks and develop risk management strategies for civil engineering projects.
  • Provide technical advice to industrial or managerial personnel regarding design, construction, or program modifications or structural repairs.
  • Manage and direct the construction, operations, or maintenance activities at project site.
  • Plan and design transportation or hydraulic systems or structures using computer assisted design or drawing tools.
  • Analyze survey reports, maps, drawings, blueprints, aerial photography, or other topographical or geologic data.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Anemometers
  • Blueprint copiers
  • Compasses
  • Desktop computers
  • Digital cameras
  • Dividers
  • Drafting scales
  • Drafting triangles
  • Electronic distance measuring devices
  • Global positioning system GPS receivers
  • Laptop computers
  • Laser levels
  • Measuring tapes
  • Microfilm readers
  • Planimeters
  • Precision levels
  • Protractors
  • Radar guns
  • Rhodes arcs
  • Rolling scales
  • Steel rules
  • Surveying rods
  • Surveying wheels
  • Theodolites
  • Thickness gauges
  • Total stations
  • Traffic counters
  • Transit levels
  • Two way radios
  • ABAQUS software
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Acrobat
  • Adobe Systems Adobe Fireworks
  • Autodesk AutoCAD
  • Autodesk AutoCAD Civil 3D
  • Autodesk Land Desktop
  • Autodesk Revit
  • Bentley GeoPak Bridge
  • Bentley Haestad Methods CivilStorm
  • Bentley InRoads Site
  • Bentley MicroStation
  • Bridge design software
  • Cartography software
  • Computer aided design and drafting software CADD
  • Corel WordPerfect software
  • Cost estimating software
  • Dassault Systemes CATIA software
  • Data entry software
  • Eagle Point Site Design
  • Email software
  • ESRI ArcGIS software
  • ESRI ArcInfo
  • ESRI ArcView
  • Extensible markup language XML
  • Finite element analysis FEA software
  • Formula translation/translator FORTRAN
  • Geographic information system GIS software
  • Graphics software
  • GT STRUDL
  • HEC-1
  • HEC-HMS
  • Hydraulic analysis software
  • Hydraulic modeling software
  • HydroCAD Software Solutions HydroCAD Stormwater Modeling System
  • Intergraph MGE
  • Mathsoft Mathcad
  • MAYA Nastran
  • Microsoft Access
  • Microsoft ActiveX
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft Outlook
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Project
  • Microsoft Word
  • Minitab software
  • National Instruments LabVIEW
  • Oracle Primavera Enterprise Project Portfolio Management software
  • PTC Creo Parametric
  • Research Engineers International STAAD.Pro
  • Road design software
  • SAP software
  • Scheduling software
  • Spreadsheet software
  • Stormwater hydrology software
  • The Gordian Group PROGEN Online
  • The MathWorks MATLAB
  • Trimble Geomatics Office
  • Trimble Terramodel
  • Verilog
  • Web browser software
  • WinTR-55


  • architecture and engineering


    industry stats

    SOC: 17-0000

    Total Employed: 2,475,390

    Average Annual Salary: $82,980