Computer Network Architects
SOC: 15-1143.00

Description:

Design and implement computer and information networks, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), intranets, extranets, and other data communications networks. Perform network modeling, analysis, and planning. May also design network and computer security measures. May research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software.


National Salary Information:

Hourly Statistics:

Annual Statistics:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 wage data.


Employment Projections:

Employment (2014):
146,200 employed

Projected (2024):
158,900 employed

Projected growth (2014-2024)


Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015 2014-2024 employment projections external site. "Projected growth" represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2014-2024). "Projected job openings" represent openings due to growth and replacement.


Alternate Titles:

  • Communications Analyst
  • Communications Consultant
  • Computer Network Engineer
  • Data Communications Analyst
  • Data Communications Software Consultant
  • Design Engineer
  • Desktop Support Engineer
  • Enterprise Architect
  • Information Technology Architect
  • Information Technology Director
  • Information Technology Manager
  • Information Technology Specialist
  • Internet Application Developer
  • Internet Developer
  • LAN Engineer (Local Area Network Engineer)
  • LAN/WAN Engineer (Local Area Network/Wide Area Network Engineer)
  • Multimedia Telecommunications Systems Integrator
  • Network Analyst
  • Network Architect
  • Network Consultant
  • Network Designer
  • Network Developer
  • Network Engineer
  • Network Manager
  • Network Operations Analyst
  • Network Operations Center Engineer
  • Network Security Analyst
  • Network Specialist
  • Network Systems Analyst
  • Network Systems Consultant
  • Network Systems Integrator
  • Network/Telecom Engineer
  • Networking Engineer
  • Networking Systems and Distributed Systems Engineer
  • Networks Computer Consultant
  • Networks Software Consultant
  • Personal Computer Network Engineer
  • Sales Engineer
  • System Programmer
  • Systems Analyst
  • Systems Developer
  • Systems Engineer
  • Systems Integrator
  • Systems Planner
  • Technology Director
  • Telecom Engineer
  • Telecommunications Analyst
  • Telecommunications Engineer
  • Wide Area Network Engineer (WAN Engineer)
  • Wireless Engineer
  • Wireless Network Engineer


  • Job Zone Four: Considerable Preparation Needed

    Experience:

    A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, an accountant must complete four years of college and work for several years in accounting to be considered qualified.

    Education:

    Most of these occupations require a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

    Job Training:

    Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.


    Required Skills:

  • Reading Comprehension
  • Active Listening
  • Writing
  • Speaking
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Learning
  • Learning Strategies
  • Monitoring
  • Social Perceptiveness
  • Coordination
  • Persuasion
  • Negotiation
  • Instructing
  • Service Orientation
  • Complex Problem Solving
  • Operations Analysis
  • Technology Design
  • Equipment Selection
  • Installation
  • Programming
  • Operation Monitoring
  • Operation and Control
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Repairing
  • Quality Control Analysis
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Systems Analysis
  • Systems Evaluation
  • Time Management
  • Management of Financial Resources
  • Management of Material Resources
  • Management of Personnel Resources

  • Knowledge Used:

  • Administration and Management
  • Clerical
  • Economics and Accounting
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Personnel and Human Resources
  • Production and Processing
  • Computers and Electronics
  • Engineering and Technology
  • Design
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
  • Psychology
  • Education and Training
  • English Language
  • Public Safety and Security
  • Law and Government
  • Telecommunications
  • Communications and Media
  • Transportation


  • Tasks:

  • Adjust network sizes to meet volume or capacity demands.
  • Communicate with customers, sales staff, or marketing staff to determine customer needs.
  • Communicate with system users to ensure accounts are set up properly or to diagnose and solve operational problems.
  • Coordinate installation of new equipment.
  • Coordinate network operations, maintenance, repairs, or upgrades.
  • Coordinate network or design activities with designers of associated networks.
  • Design, build, or operate equipment configuration prototypes, including network hardware, software, servers, or server operation systems.
  • Design, organize, and deliver product awareness, skills transfer, or product education sessions for staff or suppliers.
  • Determine specific network hardware or software requirements, such as platforms, interfaces, bandwidths, or routine schemas.
  • Develop and implement solutions for network problems.
  • Develop and write procedures for installation, use, or troubleshooting of communications hardware or software.
  • Develop conceptual, logical, or physical network designs.
  • Develop disaster recovery plans.
  • Develop network-related documentation.
  • Develop or maintain project reporting systems.
  • Develop or recommend network security measures, such as firewalls, network security audits, or automated security probes.
  • Develop plans or budgets for network equipment replacement.
  • Develop procedures to track, project, or report network availability, reliability, capacity, or utilization.
  • Estimate time and materials needed to complete projects.
  • Evaluate network designs to determine whether customer requirements are met efficiently and effectively.
  • Explain design specifications to integration or test engineers.
  • Maintain networks by performing activities such as file addition, deletion, or backup.
  • Maintain or coordinate the maintenance of network peripherals, such as printers.
  • Monitor and analyze network performance and data input/output reports to detect problems, identify inefficient use of computer resources, or perform capacity planning.
  • Participate in network technology upgrade or expansion projects, including installation of hardware and software and integration testing.
  • Prepare design presentations and proposals for staff or customers.
  • Prepare detailed network specifications, including diagrams, charts, equipment configurations, or recommended technologies.
  • Prepare or monitor project schedules, budgets, or cost control systems.
  • Research and test new or modified hardware or software products to determine performance and interoperability.
  • Supervise engineers or other staff in the design or implementation of network solutions.
  • Use network computer-aided design (CAD) software packages to optimize network designs.
  • Visit vendors, attend conferences or training sessions, or study technical journals to keep up with changes in technology.
  • Communicate with vendors to gather information about products, alert them to future needs, resolve problems, or address system maintenance issues.

  • Tools & Technology:

  • Asynchronous transfer mode ATM analyzers
  • Backup servers
  • Bit error rate testers BERT
  • Broadband aggregation equipment
  • Cable analyzers
  • Cable qualification testers
  • Channel banks
  • Communication cable testers
  • Computer network routers
  • Computer network switches
  • Desktop computers
  • Domain name servers DNS
  • Fiber optic power meters
  • File servers
  • Firewall equipment
  • High-end database servers
  • Integrated services digital network ISDN analyzers
  • Intelligent hubs
  • Laptop computers
  • Lightweight directory access protocol LDAP servers
  • Link analyzers
  • Load balancers
  • Local area network LAN analyzers
  • Local area network LAN switches
  • Mail transport servers
  • Mainframe computers
  • Network analyzers
  • Network cabling systems
  • Network channel service units CSU or data service units DSU
  • Network connectivity testers
  • Network multimeters
  • Network routers
  • Network server load balancers
  • Network-attached storage NAS equipment
  • Notebook computers
  • Optical spectrum analyzers
  • Packet analysis equipment
  • Personal computers
  • Personal digital assistants PDA
  • Power meters
  • Protocol analyzers
  • Radio frequency RF antennas
  • Redundant array of independent disks RAID systems
  • Remote access servers
  • Spectrum analyzers
  • Storage area network SAN switches
  • Synchronous optical network SONET analyzers
  • T-Birds
  • Tablet computers
  • Time domain reflectometers
  • Videoconferencing equipment
  • Voice over internet protocol VoIP systems
  • Voice switches
  • Wide area network WAN analyzers
  • Wide area network WAN switches
  • Wireless access points WAP
  • Wireless local area network WLAN controllers
  • Wireless network controllers
  • Workstations
  • Access management software
  • AirMagnet Enterprise
  • AJAX
  • Android
  • Apache Cassandra
  • Apache Hadoop
  • Apache HTTP Server
  • Apache Solr
  • Apache Tomcat
  • Apple Macintosh OS
  • Application management software
  • Application server software
  • Aruba Networks AirWave
  • Asset management administration software
  • Autodesk AutoCAD software
  • Automated installation software
  • Avaya software
  • Border Gateway Protocol BGP
  • BroadSoft BroadWorks
  • C
  • C++
  • CA Erwin Data Modeler
  • CA eTrust
  • Capacity planning software
  • Cisco IOS
  • Cisco Systems Cisco Web Cache Communication Protocol WCCP
  • Cisco Systems CiscoWorks LAN Management Solution
  • Cisco Systems CiscoWorks software
  • Cisco Systems Gateway Load Balancing Protocol GLBP
  • Cisco Systems Hot Standby Router Protocol HSRP
  • Cisco Systems Wireless Control System WCS
  • Citrix software
  • Citrix XenApp
  • Common business oriented language COBOL
  • Compaq Insight Manager
  • Computer Associates ArcServ Backup
  • Computer based training software
  • Computer intrusion detection systems
  • Compuware dynaTrace
  • Configuration management software
  • Content filter software
  • Customer information control system CICS
  • Diagramming software
  • Discrete event simulation software
  • Domain name system DNS software
  • Drupal
  • Element management software
  • Email management software
  • EMC Smarts Network Protocol Manager
  • Encryption software
  • Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol EIGRP
  • Enterprise JavaBeans
  • Ethereal
  • Extensible HyperText Markup Language XHTML
  • Extensible markup language XML
  • Firewall software
  • Help desk software
  • Hewlett Packard HP-UX
  • Hewlett Packard LoadRunner
  • Hewlett-Packard HP OpenView software
  • IBM AIX
  • IBM InfoSphere DataStage
  • IBM WebSphere
  • IBM WebSphere MQ
  • Infoblox NetMRI
  • Infoblox software
  • Integrated development environment IDE software
  • Intermediate System to Intermediate System IS-IS
  • Internet Protocol Security IPSEC
  • Intrusion prevention system IPS software
  • Ipswitch WhatsUp Gold
  • JavaScript
  • Job control language JCL
  • KornShell
  • LAMP Stack
  • Linux
  • Local area network LAN software
  • Logical partition LPAR software
  • LogRhythm software
  • Lucent VitalSuite
  • McAfee software
  • McAfee VirusScan
  • Microsoft .NET Framework
  • Microsoft Active Directory
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Microsoft Exchange Server
  • Microsoft Forefront Identify Manager
  • Microsoft Forefront Threat Management Gateway
  • Microsoft Office software
  • Microsoft operating system software
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Microsoft Project
  • Microsoft SharePoint software
  • Microsoft SQL Server software
  • Microsoft Visio
  • Microsoft Visual Basic
  • Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting Edition VBScript
  • Microsoft Windows Server
  • Microsoft Word
  • Multi-router traffic grapher MRTG software
  • Multiprotocol Label Switching MPLS
  • MySQL software
  • Nagios
  • NetIQ software
  • Netreo OmniCenter
  • NetScout InfinitiStream Console
  • Network and application load and performance testing software
  • Network and component performance analysis software
  • Network and system vulnerability assessment software
  • Network architecture design software
  • Network availability monitoring software
  • Network bridge software
  • Network documentation software
  • Network intrusion detection software
  • Network intrusion prevention systems NIPS software
  • Network modeling, mapping, and analysis software
  • Network reporting software
  • Network storage software
  • Network traffic flow monitoring and analysis software
  • Network traffic probe software
  • Network, server and operating system optimization software
  • NoSQL software
  • Novell network software
  • Online traffic calculator software
  • Open Shortest Path First OSPF
  • OPNET APMXpert
  • Optical network management software
  • Oracle E-Business Suite Financials
  • Oracle Java
  • Oracle Java EE
  • Oracle JavaServer Pages JSP
  • Oracle JDBC
  • Oracle Solaris
  • Oracle Solaris Zones
  • Oracle WebLogic Server
  • Packet analysis software
  • Packet filter software
  • Packet tracing software
  • Patch and update management software
  • Penetration testing software
  • Perforce Helix software
  • PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor
  • Ping Identity software
  • Practical extraction and reporting language Perl
  • Puppet
  • Python
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux
  • Red Hat WildFly
  • Relational database management software
  • Remote access software
  • Requirements management software
  • Risk assessment software
  • Riverbed Technology software
  • Root cause analysis software
  • Ruby
  • SAP software
  • Security incident management software
  • Segue SilkPerformer
  • Session Initiation Protocol SIP
  • Silver Peak software
  • Simple mail transfer protocol SMTP
  • Simple network management protocol SNMP software
  • Snort
  • Software distribution software
  • SolarWinds software
  • Splunk Enterprise
  • Storage area network SAN software
  • Storage management software
  • Structured query language SQL
  • Sybase software
  • Symantec Intruder Alert
  • Symantec security software
  • System and data disaster recovery software
  • System testing software
  • Systems and applications migration software
  • Tcpdump software
  • Ticket information tracking software
  • Time reporting software
  • Transparent Interconnection of Lots of Links TRILL
  • Unified modeling language UML
  • UNIX
  • Veritas NetBackup
  • Videoconferencing software
  • Virtual local area network management software
  • Virtual private network VPN software
  • Virtual private networking VPN software
  • Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol VRRP
  • Virus scanning software
  • VMWare software
  • Voice over internet protocol VoiP system software
  • Web browser software
  • Websense Data Loss Prevention
  • Wide area network WAN optimization software
  • Wide area network WAN software
  • Wireshark


  • computer and mathematical


    industry stats

    SOC: 15-0000

    Total Employed: 4,005,250

    Average Annual Salary: $86,170